Zambia

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Zambia. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

A terminated employee is entitled to either notice of termination or compensation in lieu of notice (unless they are guilty of misconduct). The notice periods that must be observed are the following:

  • 1 day for contracts of less than 1 month's duration
  • 14 days for contracts of 1 to 3 months' duration
  • 30 days for contracts of more than 3 months' duration.

Notice to terminate a contract of employment of more than 6 months must be in writing. Employers must not give notice of termination while the employee is on leave.

Work Permits

The Department of Immigration issues employment permits to foreigners who enter Zambia to take up employment for a period longer than six months. Permits can be extended for a further period or periods to a maximum of ten years from the date of issue.

The holder of an employment permit must comply with the conditions specified in the permit and must not engage, for gain, in any activity, business, trade, employment, profession, study, or other action not specified in the permit. They cannot study or buy land in Zambia.

Paid Annual Leave

Workers are entitled to at least 14 weeks of fully paid maternity leave under the law if they have worked with the same employer for at least 24 months. It can be taken immediately after delivery or preceding the expected delivery date so that at least 6 weeks' leave is taken after delivery. This leave is extended by 4 weeks in case of multiple births.

Employees have to provide a written notice and a medical certificate to their employers to take maternity leave.

Employees cannot be employed for overtime or nighttime work 2 months before their expected delivery. Employers must provide a safe work environment for the employee and cannot dismiss or otherwise penalize an employee for taking maternity leave.

Working Hours

The standard workday duration is eight hours and the standard workweek duration is 48 hours. Any hours over 48 are considered overtime and must be paid accordingly. When prayer and lunchtime are included in work hours, the standard workday must not exceed nine hours. 

Maternity Leave

Workers are entitled to at least 14 weeks of fully paid maternity leave under the law if they have worked with the same employer for at least 24 months. It can be taken immediately after delivery or preceding the expected delivery date so that at least 6 weeks' leave is taken after delivery. This leave is extended by 4 weeks in case of multiple births.

Employees have to provide a written notice and a medical certificate to their employers to take maternity leave.

Employees cannot be employed for overtime or nighttime work 2 months before their expected delivery. Employers must provide a safe work environment for the employee and cannot dismiss or otherwise penalize an employee for taking maternity leave.

Minimum Wage

Current monthly basic minimum wage rates in Zambia range from ZMW 1,487.00 (Zambian kwachas) to ZMW 3,1428.90. The minimum wage for domestic workers is ZMW 1,300 per month. Minimum wages are set by categories of workers in different industries. The Minister of Labour prescribes wage rates through statutory orders upon the Labour Advisory Committee's recommendation.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Zambia.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Zambia.