Eswatini

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Eswatini. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

The minimum notice period for terminating an employment contract required by the Employment Act is as follows:

  • If the period of continuous employment is less than 3 months - 1 week
  • If the period of continuous employment is between 3 months and 12 months - 2 days for each completed month of continuous employment up to and including the twelfth month
  • If the period of continuous employment is more than 12 months - 1 month and an additional 4 days for each completed year of continuous employment after the first year of such employment. 

The minimum period of notice to be given by an employee who has been continuously employed by the same employer for a period of three months or more is one week or as determined by their contract. No notice is required for termination of contract during probation. Employees are entitled to 12 hours of paid leave each week during their notice period to look for jobs.

Work Permits

Foreign nationals who enter Eswatini for employment are required to apply for a work permit. They must submit the following documents to the immigration department: 

  • Complete application form (Form 3)
  • 2 Passport size photos
  • Covering letter of application from employer
  • Proof of advertisement of the job post (Full Page)
  • Original police clearance from the country of origin
  • Qualification certificates
  • Medical certificate

The period of validity of any entry permit shall be at the discretion of the Chief Immigration Officer but may be renewed for further periods on the payment of the renewal fee, provided it is not issued or renewed for more than 5 years. When a permit holder's employment is terminated, the employer must report to the Chief Immigration Officer within 7 days.

Paid Annual Leave

Female employees in Eswatini are entitled to 12 weeks maternity leave - six weeks before and six weeks after delivery. Only two weeks maternity leave is paid with full pay. They must have completed a year of service with the employer and submit a medical certificate to avail this benefit. They can avail next period of maternity leave after the lapse of 24 months from the last maternity leave.

Employers must not terminate the services of, or give notice of such termination to an employee or require her to resign during her maternity leave, except in case of operational necessities. Employees are entitled to continue in their former work or equivalent work without loss of seniority or pay after maternity leave. 

Working Hours

Standard working hours for employees are determined in collective agreements by industry and by individual employment contracts. The normal working hours are 45 to 48 hours per week, spread over 5 or 6 days. Every employee shall receive one day off work each week and no employee shall be required to work on their day-off in successive weeks unless mutually agreed to by prior arrangement. Working hours for children must not exceed 6 hours per day or 33 hours per week.

Maternity Leave

Female employees in Eswatini are entitled to 12 weeks maternity leave - six weeks before and six weeks after delivery. Only two weeks maternity leave is paid with full pay. They must have completed a year of service with the employer and submit a medical certificate to avail this benefit. They can avail next period of maternity leave after the lapse of 24 months from the last maternity leave.

Employers must not terminate the services of, or give notice of such termination to an employee or require her to resign during her maternity leave, except in case of operational necessities. Employees are entitled to continue in their former work or equivalent work without loss of seniority or pay after maternity leave. 

Minimum Wage

In Eswatini, minimum wages are determined by job grades at industry-level regulations, even region-wise in some industries. The current minimum basic wages are as follows:

  • Micro money lenders - SZL 2,567.21 (Swazi lilangeni) to SZL 7,701.54 per month
  • Pre-schools and day care centres - SZL 1,405.46 to SZL 2,108.13 per month in urban areas and SZL 1,171.25 to SZL 1,756.77 per month in other areas 
  • Agricultural industry - SZL 60.47 to SZL 141.23 per day 
  • Hotel, accommodation, catering and fast foods trades industry - SZL 1,500 to SZL 4,869.70 per month  
  • Security Services Industry - SZL 71.66 to SZL 112.37 per shift 
  • Support employees in schools and educational institutes - SZL 4.60 to SZL 22.33 per hour  
  • Manufacture and sale of handicrafts industry - SZL 353.03 to SZL 627.73 per week 
  • Mining and Quarrying Industry - SZL 9.41 to SZL 17.34 per hour
  • Textile and Apparel Industry - SZL 331.71 to SZL 710.07 per week 
  • Building and Construction - SZL 8.80 to SZL 84.03 per shift 
  • Media Industry - SZL 2,342.34 to SZL 4,423.90 per month
  • Retail, hairdressing, wholesale and distributive trades industry - SZL 1,654.24 to SZL 2,110.10 per month in urban areas and SZL 1,443.70 to SZL 1,733.18 per month in other areas
  • Forestry and forest industry - SZL 265.90 to SZL 1,504.73 per week 
  • Motor engineering trades industry - SZL 13.90 to SZL 37.20 per hour 
  • Domestic employees - SZL 1,246 to SZL 1,500 per month 
  • Manufacturing and processing industry - SZL 268.36 to SZL 1,686.17 per week 

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Eswatini.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Eswatini.