Zimbabwe

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Zimbabwe. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

Zimbabwean labor law allows either the employer or the employee to terminate a contract by serving the other party written notice. The notice period depends on the type of contract between the employer and employee, as follows:

  • 3 months’ notice for an indefinite employment contract or a contract for a period of 2 years or more
  • 2 months’ notice for a contract for a period between 1 and 2 years
  • 1 months’ notice for a contract for a period between 6 months and a year
  • 2 weeks’ notice for a contract for a period between 3 and 6 months or during the probationary period for contracts that are not casual or seasonal
  • 1 week notice during the probationary period for casual or seasonal work
  • 1 day notice for a contract for a period of fewer than 3 months or for casual or seasonal work

Work Permits

Zimbabwe allows foreigners to perform paid or unpaid work for a company registered in Zimbabwe, in the interest of that specific business. Specialized areas include professionals offering skills not available in Zimbabwe, journalists that are on assignments, short-term employment permits (six months) for short contracts, and foreign researchers cleared by the Research Council of Zimbabwe.

Paid Annual Leave

The Zimbabwean Labor Act provides 98 days of fully-paid maternity leave to females employees who have served their employer for at least 1 year. The employer bears the total cost of maternity leave. On production of a certificate signed by a registered medical practitioner or State Registered Nurse certifying that the employee is pregnant, the employee may take maternity leave no earlier than the 45th day and no later than the 21st day prior to the expected date of delivery. Employees can request additional unpaid maternity leave. 

A female employee is entitled to be granted a maximum of 3 periods of fully paid maternity leave during her total service with any one employer. Paid maternity leave shall be granted only once during any period of 24 months calculated from the day any previous maternity leave was granted.

Working Hours

The Zimbabwean Labor Act does not define normal working hours for adult employees. Every employee is entitled to at least 24 continuous hours of rest each week, either on the same day of every week or on a day agreed to by the employer and employee. Weekly working hours and overtime regulations are set by collective agreement or individual contract.

Maternity Leave

The Zimbabwean Labor Act provides 98 days of fully-paid maternity leave to females employees who have served their employer for at least 1 year. The employer bears the total cost of maternity leave. On production of a certificate signed by a registered medical practitioner or State Registered Nurse certifying that the employee is pregnant, the employee may take maternity leave no earlier than the 45th day and no later than the 21st day prior to the expected date of delivery. Employees can request additional unpaid maternity leave. 

A female employee is entitled to be granted a maximum of 3 periods of fully paid maternity leave during her total service with any one employer. Paid maternity leave shall be granted only once during any period of 24 months calculated from the day any previous maternity leave was granted.

Minimum Wage

The current minimum wage for all employees whose remuneration is not fixed by or in terms of any agreement in Zimbabwe is ZWL 25,000 (Zimabwean dollars) per month. It was last set in May of 2022.

Employers who are unable to pay the minimum wage should apply to their relevant National Employment Council for an exemption. If an employer is not regulated by an Employment Council, exemption applications must be made to the Minister of Public Service, Labour, and Social Welfare.

 

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Zimbabwe.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Zimbabwe.