Vietnam

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Vietnam. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

An employment contract may be terminated at any time by either party by giving written notice to the other party in advance, as follows:

  • A minimum of 45 days for an indefinite-term employment contract
  • A minimum of 30 days for a definite-term employment contract with a fixed term of 12-36 months
  • A minimum of 3 working days for seasonal work employment contracts or for specific tasks with a duration of under 12 months

A party that fails to comply with the notice period provisions is required to pay compensation worth the employee's salary for the remaining notice period from the termination date to the other party. An employee who does not comply with the notice period requirements must pay half a month's salary to the employer.

Work Permits

Foreign nationals who wish to work in Vietnam require a work permit issued by the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs. Applicants must provide the following documents:

  • A written request for the work permit from the employer in accordance.
  • A health certificate 
  • Written certification proving that the employee is not a criminal or liable to criminal prosecution 
  • A written certification which confirms that the worker is a manager, executive officer, expert, or technician
  • Valid passport or travel document
  • Written approval for the employment of foreign workers given by the President of the People’s Committee of the province in which the employer is located
  • 2 photographs

The maximum duration of a work permit is 2 years, with a possible 2-year extension.

Paid Annual Leave

Employees who have paid social insurance premiums for six months or more within 12 months before childbirth are entitled to six months of paid maternity leave. In the case of multiple births, the mother is entitled to one additional month off for each child from the second child onwards. Maternity leave cannot begin earlier than two months before the expected date of delivery.

Employees adopting a child younger than six months of age are entitled to take paid maternity leave until the child turns six months old. Employees are also entitled to paid leave when they experience miscarriage, abortion, or stillbirth.

An employee can return to work before the end of the maternity leave period with approval from her employer if she has taken at least four months' leave.

Working Hours

The regular working hours cannot exceed 8 hours per day (up to 10 for those on a weekly schedule) and 48 hours per week. The working hours of employees under 15 cannot exceed 4 hours per day and 20 hours per week. The statutory hours for a workweek may not be above 48 hours, but the state encourages employers to implement a 40-hour workweek. The working hours of employees under 15 cannot exceed 4 per day and 20 per week. 

Maternity Leave

Employees who have paid social insurance premiums for six months or more within 12 months before childbirth are entitled to six months of paid maternity leave. In the case of multiple births, the mother is entitled to one additional month off for each child from the second child onwards. Maternity leave cannot begin earlier than two months before the expected date of delivery.

Employees adopting a child younger than six months of age are entitled to take paid maternity leave until the child turns six months old. Employees are also entitled to paid leave when they experience miscarriage, abortion, or stillbirth.

An employee can return to work before the end of the maternity leave period with approval from her employer if she has taken at least four months' leave.

Minimum Wage

Under the Labor Code of Vietnam, an employee's salary may not be below the minimum wage. Statutory minimum wages are minimum wages of employees who do the most simple jobs in normal working conditions, sufficient to support them and their families and appropriate for socio-economic development. The laws on stipulating region-based minimum wages applied to employees working under labor contracts require that a skilled worker be paid at least 7% more than the region-based minimum wage.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Vietnam.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Vietnam.