United Arab Emirates

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in United Arab Emirates. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

According to the labor law, employers can terminate an employment contract by providing written notice of at least 30 days up to 90 days. The party (employer or employee) who did not abide by the notice period is required to pay the other party compensation, which is equal to the employee's wage for the full notice period or whatever time is remaining. 

If the employer terminates the employment contract, the employee shall have the right to be absent during the notice period for 1 working day without pay per week to search for another job. They must notify the employer at least 3 days before the absence day.

Work Permits

The Emirati Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratisation (MoHRE) issues work permits to foreign employees. Work permit applications must include a written and authenticated employment contract. The MoHRE forwards the approved applications to the Directorate of Naturalization and Immigration or the embassies of the United Arab Emirates State abroad to issue visas or work permits.

Paid Annual Leave

In the United Arab Emirates, the law provides a paid maternity leave of 90 days to female employees starting from the delivery date. The leave is paid with full salary.

If the female employee gives birth to a sick or disabled child, the employee is entitled to an additional 30 days of maternity leave with full pay starting at the end of maternity with the option for an additional 30 days without pay. 

Working Hours

According to the labor code of the United Arab Emirates, the standard workweek comprises 48 hours per week or 8 hours per day. Work in arduous or unhealthy jobs and industries is limited to 7 hours per day. 

Employees under 18 years of age are prohibited from working over 6 hours a day.

Maternity Leave

In the United Arab Emirates, the law provides a paid maternity leave of 90 days to female employees starting from the delivery date. The leave is paid with full salary.

If the female employee gives birth to a sick or disabled child, the employee is entitled to an additional 30 days of maternity leave with full pay starting at the end of maternity with the option for an additional 30 days without pay. 

Minimum Wage

The new UAE Labour Law of 2021 introduced the provision for mandatory minimum wages for all private sector employees to be determined by the Minister of Human Resources and Emiratisation, effective February 2, 2022. The wage is yet to be determined as of November 2023.

Additionally, employees are entitled to receive their wages on the due dates in accordance with the regulations approved by the ministry, conditions and controls, and procedures specified by the Executive Regulations of this Decree-Law.

Employee salaries can be paid using currencies other than AED. Depending on the agreement between employer and employee, salaries must be paid either monthly or biweekly. If the contract does not specify the pay period, salaries must be paid biweekly.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within United Arab Emirates.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in United Arab Emirates.