Ukraine

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Ukraine. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

In Ukraine, employees may voluntarily terminate an indefinite term employment contract after serving 2 weeks' written notice. When an employer is seeking to terminate an employee for economic or organizational reasons, the required notice period is at least 2 months. If the employee commits a gross violation of the employment contract, they may be dismissed without notice.

During a probationary period, an employer may cancel the employment contract by giving notice to the employee in writing at least 3 calendar days before terminating the contract.

Martial law is in effect in Ukraine from March 2022. Under this regime, the norms of Law of Ukraine "On the Organisation of Labour Relations Under the Martial Law" prevail over the norms of the Labor Code. Employees can terminate their employment contract without a notice in case of conduct of hostilities in the areas in which their workplace is located, and the existence of a threat to their life and health. It is also possible for employers to dismiss an employee during the period of temporary incapacity for work, as well as during the period of the employee's vacation by just specifying the date of dismissal which is the first working day following the date when a temporary inability to work or a vacation ends. 

Work Permits

Foreign nationals seeking to work in Ukraine must apply for a Long-term Visa (D) and obtain a Ukrainian residence permit. Employers apply for permits for their employees. Employees must be employed in a job that pays at least 10 times the minimum wage. Proof of sufficient funds is required. Permits are valid for 1 to 3 years, depending on the type of employment.

Ukraine has decided to issue temporary or permanent residence permits to foreign citizens (except those issued to Russian citizens) based on their previous permits for the period of martial law in the country and up to 30 days after its termination. They are obliged to submit documents for the exchange of such permits for temporary or permanent residence within 30 calendar days from the date of termination of martial law. 

Paid Annual Leave

In Ukraine, maternity leave is granted upon the presentation of a medical certificate. The total length of maternity leave is 18 weeks (126 calendar days) out of which ten weeks are given as prenatal leave while the remaining eight are given as postnatal leave. The postnatal leave is increased to ten weeks (70 calendar days) in cases of complicated delivery or multiple births. The cumulative duration of maternity leave is 126 or 140 calendar days and is given in full regardless of the number of days actually used before childbirth.

Ukrainian legislation protects pregnant women from loss of income during maternity leave by providing a maternity allowance. The state maternity allowance covers 100% of the mother's average earnings.

Under the martial law, employers are not allowed to deny maternity leave, and employees cannot be dismissed during their maternity leave. Pregnant women are not allowed to work in night work without their consent. It is also allowed to employ them in heavy and dangerous works with their consent. State benefits continue as usual. 

Working Hours

In Ukraine, the normal working hours cannot exceed 40 hours per week.

Reduced working hours are established by law for certain categories of employees:

  • For employees aged 16 to 18 - 36 hours per week
  • For persons aged 15 to 16 (and students aged 14 to 15 who work during the holidays) - 24 hours per week
  • The working hours of students who work during the school year in their free time may not exceed half of the maximum working hours provided for above for persons of the appropriate age
  • For employees engaged in work with harmful working conditions - no more than 36 hours per week.

Martial law is in effect in Ukraine from March 2022. Under this regime, the norms of Law of Ukraine "On the Organisation of Labour Relations Under the Martial Law" prevail over the norms of the Labor Code. The normal working hours can be increased to 60 hours per week for employees employed at critical infrastructure facilities. Reduced working hours can be increased to 40 per week. A 5-day or 6-day working week is established by the employer. The start and end time of daily work (shifts) is determined by the employer.

Maternity Leave

In Ukraine, maternity leave is granted upon the presentation of a medical certificate. The total length of maternity leave is 18 weeks (126 calendar days) out of which ten weeks are given as prenatal leave while the remaining eight are given as postnatal leave. The postnatal leave is increased to ten weeks (70 calendar days) in cases of complicated delivery or multiple births. The cumulative duration of maternity leave is 126 or 140 calendar days and is given in full regardless of the number of days actually used before childbirth.

Ukrainian legislation protects pregnant women from loss of income during maternity leave by providing a maternity allowance. The state maternity allowance covers 100% of the mother's average earnings.

Under the martial law, employers are not allowed to deny maternity leave, and employees cannot be dismissed during their maternity leave. Pregnant women are not allowed to work in night work without their consent. It is also allowed to employ them in heavy and dangerous works with their consent. State benefits continue as usual. 

Minimum Wage

Under Ukrainian law, the parliament (Verkhovna Rada) establishes the minimum wage at the request of the Cabinet of Ministers at least once per year in the State Budget of Ukraine. The minimum wages are determined after taking into consideration proposals made by trade union and employer groups.

The current monthly minimum wage is UAH 7,100 (Ukrainian hryvnia), effective January 1, 2024, and will increase to UAH 8,000 from April 1, 2024.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Ukraine.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Ukraine.