Turkey

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Turkey. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

Turkey's Labor Act states that before terminating a continual employment contract made for an indefinite period, the terminating party must serve a notice to the other party. The minimum duration of the notice period depends on the employee's length of service as follows:

  • For employees who have worked for less than 6 months, the notice period is 2 weeks
  • For employees who have worked for more than 6 months but less than 1.5 years, the notice period is 4 weeks
  • For employees who have worked for more than 1.5 years but less than 3 years, the notice period is 6 weeks
  • For employees who have worked for more than 3 years, the notice period is 8 weeks

These are minimum periods and may be increased by agreement between the parties. The party who fails to observe the notice period must pay compensation equivalent to the wages corresponding to the notice period's duration. The employer may terminate the employment contract by paying the wages corresponding to the term of notice in advance.

Work Permits

Foreigners who wish to work in Turkey are required to obtain a work permit. A work permit for fixed-term employment is granted for one year. After this duration, the permit can be extended to six years as long as the employee continues to work in the same workplace or company in the same position.

Indefinite period work permits are also issued to foreigners who have stayed uninterruptedly in Turkey for eight years or to those who are nationals of countries with which Turkey has signed an agreement for indefinite work permits. Foreigners who wish to work in Turkey independently can obtain a work permit if they have stayed in Turkey legally and uninterruptedly for at least five years.

To obtain a work permit, foreign employees can apply to the Republic of Turkey consulates in their country of residence. The consulates forward applications to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs grants the permit if an application meets requirements. 

Paid Annual Leave

Turkey's labor law provides female employees with 16 weeks of maternity leave: eight weeks before delivery and eight weeks after delivery. In case of a pregnancy with multiple children, an extra two week period shall be added to the eight weeks before delivery during which female employees must not work. However, a female employee whose health condition is deemed suitable, as confirmed by a physician's certificate, may work until three weeks before delivery if she wishes. In this case, the time during which the female employee has worked shall be added to her maternity leave after delivery. In case of early birth, the remaining leave is added to post natal leave.

The periods mentioned above may be extended before and after delivery if deemed necessary because of the female employee's health and the nature of her work. The increased time increments shall be indicated in a physician's report.

Employees are entitled to 66.7% of the average daily earnings of the employee for the duration of the maternity leave, paid by the Social Security Institute of Turkey. 

Working Hours

Turkey's labor law defines the standard workweek as 45 hours. Employees working more than these hours are eligible for overtime. Unless the employment contract stipulates otherwise, working time is to be divided equally by the number of days worked in a week at the organization.

Provided that the parties have so agreed, working time may be divided differently among the days of the week worked on the condition that the daily working time does not exceed 11 hours. In this case, within a time period of two months, the employee's average weekly working time shall not exceed 45 hours.

This averaging period of two months may be increased up to four months by collective agreement.

Maternity Leave

Turkey's labor law provides female employees with 16 weeks of maternity leave: eight weeks before delivery and eight weeks after delivery. In case of a pregnancy with multiple children, an extra two week period shall be added to the eight weeks before delivery during which female employees must not work. However, a female employee whose health condition is deemed suitable, as confirmed by a physician's certificate, may work until three weeks before delivery if she wishes. In this case, the time during which the female employee has worked shall be added to her maternity leave after delivery. In case of early birth, the remaining leave is added to post natal leave.

The periods mentioned above may be extended before and after delivery if deemed necessary because of the female employee's health and the nature of her work. The increased time increments shall be indicated in a physician's report.

Employees are entitled to 66.7% of the average daily earnings of the employee for the duration of the maternity leave, paid by the Social Security Institute of Turkey. 

Minimum Wage

Effective January 1, 2024, Turkey's monthly gross minimum wage is TRY 20,002.50. The net monthly minimum wage after taxes and deductions is TRY 17,002.12 per month. The total cost for an employer per employee is TRY 23,502.94 per month, which includes SSI premium (15.5%) and employer unemployment insurance premium (2%).

The minimum wages of underground workers employed in the fields where lignite (soot coal) and hard coal (coal) are removed cannot be less than twice the statutory minimum wage.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Turkey.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Turkey.