Togo

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Togo. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

Permanent employment contracts can be terminated by either party by giving notice to the other party. Unless more favorable provisions of conventions or collective work agreements, the duration minimum notice period is equal to:

  • 15 days for employees paid by the hour
  • One month for employees paid monthly
  • 3 months for supervisors, executives, and the like.

During the notice period, employers and employees are required to respect all obligations incumbent upon them. Employees are entitled to 1 day off per week during notice for searching for new jobs. Employees are entitled to compensation in lieu of a notice period if it is not followed or partially implemented. 

Work Permits

Foreign nationals who wish to work in Togo must obtain an immigration visa and then apply for a residence permit upon arrival. They must submit an entry authorization issued by the Ministry of Security. There are 3 types of residence permits available to applicants:

  • Temporary residence permit valid for 1 year at XOF 200,000 (West African CFA francs)
  • Ordinary residence permit with a validity of 3 years at XOF 500,000
  • Privileged residence permit with a validity period of 5 years at XOF 800,000

Paid Annual Leave

Employees have the right to suspend their employment contracts for 14 weeks at the time of their delivery, including 6 weeks after delivery. When the birth takes place after the date which was presumed, the leave taken previously is, in all cases, extended until the effective date, and the duration of the leave to be taken necessarily after childbirth is not reduced. The suspension can be extended by 3 weeks in case of duly documented illness resulting from pregnancy, childbirth, or in case of multiple pregnancies or for causes concerning the child's health. 

During the suspension period, employees are entitled to compensation equal to the salary they received at the time of the suspension; the National Social Security Fund pays half the salary, and the other half is the employer's responsibility. The employer cannot terminate the employment contract of the female employee during the maternity leave.

Working Hours

The standard weekly working hours are 40 hours in Togo. The legal working hours on agricultural farms are set at 2400 hours per year. The government grants a special exemption in certain strategic sectors with strong economic and social impact, increasing the weekly working time to 48 hours. The daily duration of work cannot exceed 10 hours. Hours worked beyond this duration are considered overtime hours, giving entitlement to a salary increase.

When it is necessary to carry out preparatory or additional work essential to the general activity of the company and which cannot be carried out within the limit of the normal daily working hours, employees assigned to said work may be allowed to work beyond the maximum duration, within the maximum daily limit of 12 hours. 

Maternity Leave

Employees have the right to suspend their employment contracts for 14 weeks at the time of their delivery, including 6 weeks after delivery. When the birth takes place after the date which was presumed, the leave taken previously is, in all cases, extended until the effective date, and the duration of the leave to be taken necessarily after childbirth is not reduced. The suspension can be extended by 3 weeks in case of duly documented illness resulting from pregnancy, childbirth, or in case of multiple pregnancies or for causes concerning the child's health. 

During the suspension period, employees are entitled to compensation equal to the salary they received at the time of the suspension; the National Social Security Fund pays half the salary, and the other half is the employer's responsibility. The employer cannot terminate the employment contract of the female employee during the maternity leave.

Minimum Wage

In Togo, the guaranteed interprofessional minimum wages (SMIG) are set by the decree of the Minister responsible for labor after advisory opinion from the National Labor Council. In determining the rate of minimum wages, the needs of employees and their families, the general level of wages in the country, the cost of living and its fluctuations, social security benefits, economic order, the requirements of economic development, productivity, and level of employment are taken into account. 

The SMIG and SMAG (Guaranteed Minimum Agricultural Wage) are set to XOF 302.89 (West African CFA Francs) per hour or XOF 52,500 per month as of January 2023.  

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Togo.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Togo.