Tanzania

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Tanzania. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

According to the Employment and Labor Relations Act of 2004, the notice period is as follows:

  • No less than 7 days if given in the first month
  • A minimum of 4 days’ notice after the first month, if employment is on a daily or weekly basis
  • A minimum of 28 days if the employee is employed on a monthly basis

The notice must be given in writing and must state both the reason for termination and the date on which the notice is given. The notice period can be waived by paying the remuneration that the employee would have received during the notice period if they had worked.

Work Permits

Foreign nationals seeking employment in Tanzania are required to obtain a work permit and residence permit. The Labour Commissioner issues a work permit. An employee must apply for a work permit before entering Tanzania. Applicants must be above 18 years of age.

The prospective employer should provide sufficient evidence that there is no suitably qualified employee in the Tanzanian labor market, have a well-known physical address, and be duly registered by the relevant authorities in the United Republic of Tanzania.

The Department of Immigration issues a residence permit after the foreign national enters Tanzania. The application for a residence permit must include the work permit issued to the foreign national. The maximum validity of a residence permit is two years. However, it can be renewed.

Paid Annual Leave

Female employees are entitled to 84 days paid maternity leave, or 100 days if they give birth to more than one child at a time. A pregnant employee may commence her maternity leave any time from four weeks before the expected date of birth onwards or earlier if a doctor certifies that it is necessary for her health or that of her child's. She must be provided at least six weeks of leave after childbirth. If the child dies within a year of birth, the mother is entitled to an additional 84 days of paid maternity leave. Maternity leave can be taken up to four times under the same employer. 

A pregnant female employee must notify her employer of her maternity leave's commencement at least three months before the expected date of birth with a medical certificate.

Pregnant employees must not be made to work in environments hazardous to their health or that of their child's. It is prohibited for employers to dismiss an employee due to her pregnancy.

Working Hours

In Tanzania, the maximum number of working hours is nine hours per day and 45 hours per week. If a written agreement exists, employees working greater than this number are eligible for overtime, but no more than 50 overtime hours are permitted in any four-week cycle.

Employees above 14 and under 18 years of age are allowed to work for no more than six hours a day. Those who are still students can only work for a maximum of three hours per day.

Maternity Leave

Female employees are entitled to 84 days paid maternity leave, or 100 days if they give birth to more than one child at a time. A pregnant employee may commence her maternity leave any time from four weeks before the expected date of birth onwards or earlier if a doctor certifies that it is necessary for her health or that of her child's. She must be provided at least six weeks of leave after childbirth. If the child dies within a year of birth, the mother is entitled to an additional 84 days of paid maternity leave. Maternity leave can be taken up to four times under the same employer. 

A pregnant female employee must notify her employer of her maternity leave's commencement at least three months before the expected date of birth with a medical certificate.

Pregnant employees must not be made to work in environments hazardous to their health or that of their child's. It is prohibited for employers to dismiss an employee due to her pregnancy.

Minimum Wage

The current minimum wage rates for the mainland range from TZS 140,000 (Tanzanian shilling) in the agriculture sector to TZS 592,000 for mining, communication and commercial services.

In Tanzania, the Minimum Wage Board sets the minimum wage by sector as per the Labor Institutions Act.

Wages must be paid at the end of the contract period on a mutually agreed day, daily, weekly or monthly. 

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Tanzania.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Tanzania.