Tajikistan

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Tajikistan. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

In Tajikistan, employers must provide a notice period of at least 1 month when dismissing an employee because of inadequate qualifications, inadequate health, and 2 months in case of business closure, or reduction in staff.

Employees are entitled to 1 day off per week during the notice period to look for another job and still be paid. The contract can be terminated before the expiry of notice period by paying compensation in lieu of.

The employer must inform the appropriate agencies dealing with Tajik occupational information of the forthcoming dismissal of employees, indicating their specialization, qualifications, and wage rate.

Work Permits

Foreign citizens who wish to work in Tajikistan must obtain an "M" type work visa. This visa is issued for a period of not more than three months. The Consular Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs can extend the visa for a period of one year. To apply for this visa, the following documents need to be attached to the applicant's petition:

  • Authorization from the Migratory Service of the Ministry of Labor of the Republic of Tajikistan
  • Copy of employment contract

Paid Annual Leave

Tajikistan's labor law provides mothers with 70 calendar days of paid maternity leave before childbirth and 70 days of paid maternity leave after childbirth (86 days before and after for births with labor complications and 110 days before and after for multiple births). Maternity benefits are paid from the state social insurance fund. 100% of the mother's insured earnings are paid for the duration of her maternity leave.

In case of death of an employee during childbirth, her leave and benefits can be transferred to the child's father.

Working Hours

Tajikistan's Labor Code states that the regular working hours at a company cannot surpass 40 hours per week. Daily working hours cannot exceed 12 hours. Working hours are reduced to 35 hours per week for employees working with harmful physical, chemical, biological, and other industrial factors. For employees between 14 to 15 years of age, the maximum working hours are 24 per week. For employees aged 15 to 18 years of age, the maximum working hours are 35 per week. When it comes to disabled employees, the law provides that the working day must not be longer than 6 hours. (In this case, the salary will not be decreased despite the reduced hours). The duration of night working hours is reduced by one hour per day, if at least half of the daily work (shift) time falls on the night time. 

The Law on Promotion of Employment of the Population defines remote work as "a special form of implementation of the labor process outside the location of the employer with the use of information and communication technology in the work process." Such persons are protected under the labor laws of the country. 

Maternity Leave

Tajikistan's labor law provides mothers with 70 calendar days of paid maternity leave before childbirth and 70 days of paid maternity leave after childbirth (86 days before and after for births with labor complications and 110 days before and after for multiple births). Maternity benefits are paid from the state social insurance fund. 100% of the mother's insured earnings are paid for the duration of her maternity leave.

In case of death of an employee during childbirth, her leave and benefits can be transferred to the child's father.

Minimum Wage

Tajikistan's minimum wage is set by decree. In areas with unfavorable climatic conditions, additional allowances and coefficients may be added to the minimum wage.

The current minimum wage is set to TJS 600 (Tajiki Somoni) per month, and will increase to TJS 800 per month from July 2024. 

Employees' wages are paid based on hourly or monthly tariff rates, which are determined by the labor contract or collective agreement. The period of payment is established by the employment contract or collective agreements, but it cannot be less than once every 15 days. 

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Tajikistan.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Tajikistan.