Solomon Islands

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Solomon Islands. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

Employment contracts can be terminated by either party by giving a month's notice or payment in lieu of notice to the other party in Solomon Islands. Notice of termination must be given in writing. All wages due to the employee are paid to them on the day on which the contract is terminated. 

Work Permits

All non-citizens of Solomon Islands other than government employees, diplomatic staff, Commonwealth government employees, and children under 18 years are required by law to apply for a work permit in Solomon Islands. Application is made to the Commissioner of Labour. The permit can be issued for a maximum of 2 years. It can be renewed, and the application fee depends on the duration of permit.

Applicants must apply for a work permit before entering Solomon Islands. Applications can be submitted by either the employee or the employer. The application form must clearly demonstrate that there are no Solomon Islanders who can do the job and the proposed immigrant employee is properly qualified for the job and has the required experience. A separate application for entry and residence permit must submitted to the Director of Immigration. 

Paid Annual Leave

All female employees, other than casual employees, are entitled to paid maternity leave of 12 weeks. At least 6 weeks' leave must be taken after delivery. The remainder of the period of maternity leave is not compulsory but can be provided before the presumed date of delivery or following the expiration of the compulsory leave period. Maternity leave can be further extended if required due to a medical complication after submitting a certificate from a medical practitioner. This additional leave is deducted from the employee's annual or sick leave entitlement.

Employees are paid at least 25% of their normal wage rate for 12 weeks and at the full rate for any annual or sick leave availed by them. They are also entitled to medical benefits, including prenatal, delivery, and post-natal care and hospitalization where necessary, as may be provided by government or private medical services. 

Employees cannot be dismissed while they are on maternity leave. Employees who don't return to work after the expiry of their leave are regarded as having abandoned their employment without due notice and shall be required to pay their employers an amount equivalent to the wages payable during the period of notice. 

Working Hours

The normal working hours of employees must not exceed 45 hours a week in Solomon Islands. Employment contracts can agree on a lower maximum number of hours. Hours of work must be arranged to only require an employee's presence at the place of work for 12 hours daily. Employees must be given a weekly rest of 24 continuous hours and must not work for more than 6 days a week. Employers shall notify employees, by posting notices in conspicuous places in the work premises or other appropriate places or by such other method as may be approved, of the hours at which work begins and ends, including shift work, the rest intervals during the period of work which are not reckoned as part of the working hours, and the weekly rest period to be accorded to employees.

Maternity Leave

All female employees, other than casual employees, are entitled to paid maternity leave of 12 weeks. At least 6 weeks' leave must be taken after delivery. The remainder of the period of maternity leave is not compulsory but can be provided before the presumed date of delivery or following the expiration of the compulsory leave period. Maternity leave can be further extended if required due to a medical complication after submitting a certificate from a medical practitioner. This additional leave is deducted from the employee's annual or sick leave entitlement.

Employees are paid at least 25% of their normal wage rate for 12 weeks and at the full rate for any annual or sick leave availed by them. They are also entitled to medical benefits, including prenatal, delivery, and post-natal care and hospitalization where necessary, as may be provided by government or private medical services. 

Employees cannot be dismissed while they are on maternity leave. Employees who don't return to work after the expiry of their leave are regarded as having abandoned their employment without due notice and shall be required to pay their employers an amount equivalent to the wages payable during the period of notice. 

Minimum Wage

The Minister of Commerce, Industry, Labour & Immigration in Solomon Islands determines minimum wage in an order after consultation with representatives of employers and employees. If an employer fails to pay at least the minimum wage of their employees, they shall be liable on conviction in respect of each offense to a fine of SBD 500 (Solomon Islands Dollar), and SBD 20 for each day on which the offense is continued after conviction therefor. The hourly minimum wage was last set in 2019 to SBD 8. Minimum wage for agriculture and fishing sectors is SBD 7.2 per hour.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Solomon Islands.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Solomon Islands.