Slovakia

< View all countries

Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Slovakia. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

Notice period is at least one month for those who have worked for less than 1 year, 2 months for those who have worked for more than 1 year but less than 5 years, and 3 months for those who have worked for more than 5 years but less than 5 years. If the notice is given by an employee whose employment with the employer lasted at least 1 year, the notice period is at least 2 months. The notice period begins on the first day of the calendar month following the delivery of the notice and ends on the last day of the relevant calendar month. Employees can be terminated without notice in case of a serious breach of discipline.

If an employee does not remain with their employer during their notice period, the employer is entitled to monetary compensation for the notice period. 

Work Permits

There are 2 types of work permits in Slovakia:

  • Blue Card - Temporary residence, which is issued to third country nationals for the purpose of highly qualified employment for up to 4 years. It entitles the holder to enter, reside and work in Slovakia, to travel abroad and back again. Employees must submit an employment contract, or a promise of a future employment relationship that is expected and is agreed to for at least 1 year, and the monthly wage will be at least 1.5 times the average monthly wage of an employee in Slovakia. 
  • Temporary residence permit for employment - Workers must be employed for seasonal employment for a maximum of 90 days for 12 consecutive months, or have been granted temporary residence for the purpose of family reunification for 12 months, or been granted temporary residence of a third-country national who has been granted the status of a long-term resident in a Member State of the European Union. The work permit is non-transferable; it is awarded to a specific job with a specific employer. 

Paid Annual Leave

Female employees are entitled to 34 weeks of paid maternity leave, with 6 weeks before delivery and 28 weeks after. Single mothers are entitled to a maternity leave of 37 weeks and women who give birth to 2 or more children at the same time are entitled to a maternity leave of 43 weeks. If a man is responsible for taking care of the child from birth, he is also entitled to the same duration of leave. Employees must have been insured for at least 270 days in the previous 2 years before delivery to be eligible for maternity leave. Eligible employees are entitled to maternity allowance paid by the Social Insurance Agency at the rate of 75% of their average wages for the duration of maternity leave.

Employees cannot be dismissed when they are on maternity leave, except in case of redundancy or serious breach of work discipline. If a pregnant woman performs work that is prohibited for pregnant women or which, according to a medical opinion, endangers her pregnancy, the employer is obliged to make a temporary adjustment to working conditions. If it is not possible to reassign the employee to another job, employers must provide them with paid leave.

Working Hours

Daily working hours cannot exceed 10 hours. The employee's working time is a maximum of 40 hours per week and cannot exceed 48 hours including overtime. Working hours in a 24-hour period must not exceed 10 hours. Juvenile employees under the age of 16 can work for a maximum of 30 hours per week. Juvenile employees over the age of 16 can work for a maximum of 37 and 1/2 hours per week. The working time of a juvenile staff member must not exceed 8 hours in any 24-hour period.

Employees working with carcinogenic substances or hazardous areas can work for 33 and 1/2 hours per week. Employees working alternately in both changes in 2-shift operation can work a maximum of 38 and 3/4 hours a week and a maximum of 37 and 1/2 hours in all changes in 3-shift or continuous operation.

 

Maternity Leave

Female employees are entitled to 34 weeks of paid maternity leave, with 6 weeks before delivery and 28 weeks after. Single mothers are entitled to a maternity leave of 37 weeks and women who give birth to 2 or more children at the same time are entitled to a maternity leave of 43 weeks. If a man is responsible for taking care of the child from birth, he is also entitled to the same duration of leave. Employees must have been insured for at least 270 days in the previous 2 years before delivery to be eligible for maternity leave. Eligible employees are entitled to maternity allowance paid by the Social Insurance Agency at the rate of 75% of their average wages for the duration of maternity leave.

Employees cannot be dismissed when they are on maternity leave, except in case of redundancy or serious breach of work discipline. If a pregnant woman performs work that is prohibited for pregnant women or which, according to a medical opinion, endangers her pregnancy, the employer is obliged to make a temporary adjustment to working conditions. If it is not possible to reassign the employee to another job, employers must provide them with paid leave.

Minimum Wage

The Slovak Labour Code mandates that wages cannot be less than the determined minimum wage. The minimum wage is set by the Regulation of the Government of the Slovak Republic every year. Currently, the minimum wage is EUR 4.310 (euros) per hour or EUR 750 per month, effective January 1, 2024.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Slovakia.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Slovakia.