Rwanda

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Rwanda. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

Rwanda's Labor Code states that if it is necessary to terminate a contract of employment with prior notice, the duration of the notice must be at least equal to:

  • 15 days, if the employee has worked for less than a year
  • 30 days, if the employee has worked for 1 year or more.

No notice period will apply to an employee during a probationary period. When an employment contract is terminated due to gross negligence, the party causing the contract to be terminated must notify the other party within 48 hours.

Work Permits

Foreign nationals who seek a visa or a residence permit in Rwanda must prove that they have sufficient financial resources to support themselves during their stay. If a foreigner does not have adequate funds, the Director-General may refuse to grant a visa or a residence permit. A foreign national who intends to reside in Rwanda temporarily may require a guarantor to cover their repatriation costs.

Fees charged on residence permits and visas range from RWF 20,000 (Rwandan francs) to RWF 100,000 depending on the area of professional expertise.

Paid Annual Leave

Per Rwanda's Labor Code, a female employee who has given birth is entitled to a maternity leave of at least 12 consecutive weeks, at least 2 weeks of which must be enjoyed before delivery. The 12 weeks of maternity leave are fully paid at the rate of the mother's last salary.

Employers must pay 12 weeks' salary to employees during maternity leave. They can request the Rwandan Social Security Board to reimburse maternity leave benefits for the last 6 weeks of the maternity leave. Employees must have paid 1 month's contribution to be eligible for benefits.

Employees cannot be dismissed while on maternity leave.

Working Hours

Rwanda's Labor Code states that the maximum working hours are 45 hours per week. However, an employee can work extra hours if they reach an agreement to this effect with their employer. The employer determines the daily timetable for employee work hours and breaks. Employers must provide employees with a break of not less than 24 hours each week.

Maternity Leave

Per Rwanda's Labor Code, a female employee who has given birth is entitled to a maternity leave of at least 12 consecutive weeks, at least 2 weeks of which must be enjoyed before delivery. The 12 weeks of maternity leave are fully paid at the rate of the mother's last salary.

Employers must pay 12 weeks' salary to employees during maternity leave. They can request the Rwandan Social Security Board to reimburse maternity leave benefits for the last 6 weeks of the maternity leave. Employees must have paid 1 month's contribution to be eligible for benefits.

Employees cannot be dismissed while on maternity leave.

Minimum Wage

Rwanda effectively has no national minimum wage. Rwanda's 2018 Labor Code authorized the Minister of Labor to set a minimum wage through a Ministerial Order, but that has not yet occurred. 

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Rwanda.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Rwanda.