Romania

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Romania. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

Employees who are dismissed for being medically or professionally unfit for the job or other business-related reasons have the right to a notice of at least 20 working days. In case of collective redundancies, a minimum notice of 30 days is required. No notice is required for terminating a contract during trial period.   

The notice for termination must be given in writing and must contain the reasons for dismissal, term of notice, criteria for establishing the priority sequence in case of collective dismissal, list of available positions in the company for hiring. If during notice period, the contract is suspended, the term of notice shall be suspended accordingly.

Work Permits

Foreign nationals who wish to be employed in Romania for full-time or seasonal work are required to apply for a long term visa for employment (Visa D/AM) and present a work permit issued by the General Inspectorate for Immigration within the Ministry of Internal Affairs. 

The employer who hires a foreign national is required to apply for a work permit for the employee with the required documents. Upon fulfillment of all the requirements, a work permit is issued within 30 days. After this, an employee can apply for a long term stay visa and residence permit for employment within 60 days from the date of issuing the work permit. 

Foreign nationals can be hired as permanent employees, fixed-term employees, seasonal workers, highly-qualified employees, trainees, cross-border employees, etc. The validity of permit depends on the type of employment relationship. It can be renewed for a period equal to the validity of the employment contract, but not more than 1 year. In case of highly qualified workers it can be extended for up to 2 years.

Paid Annual Leave

Female employees who have worked for at least 1 month in the last 12 months are entitled to paid maternity leave of 126 days - 63 days before and 63 days after delivery. The minimum mandatory duration of maternity leave is 42 calendar days after delivery. Employees must submit a medical certificate to their employer for availing this leave.

Maternity allowance is paid by the Single National Health Insurance Fund of Romania at the rate of 85% of the employee's average wages, provided the employee has paid 6 months of contributions in the last 12 months. 

Working Hours

The standard length of the working time is 8 hours per day and 40 hours per week. For employees who are not yet 18 years of age, the length of the working time is 6 hours per day and 30 hours per week. The maximum legal length of the working time must not exceed 48 hours per week, including overtime work. When work is done in shifts, the length of the working time can be extended to over 8 hours per day and over 48 hours per week, provided the average number of working hours, as calculated for a maximum period of 3 weeks, does not exceed 8 hours per day or 48 hours per week.

Maternity Leave

Female employees who have worked for at least 1 month in the last 12 months are entitled to paid maternity leave of 126 days - 63 days before and 63 days after delivery. The minimum mandatory duration of maternity leave is 42 calendar days after delivery. Employees must submit a medical certificate to their employer for availing this leave.

Maternity allowance is paid by the Single National Health Insurance Fund of Romania at the rate of 85% of the employee's average wages, provided the employee has paid 6 months of contributions in the last 12 months. 

Minimum Wage

The national minimum wage corresponds to the normal work schedule of 8 hours per day and 40 hours per week. It is applicable to full-time, part-time and temporary employees.

Beginning October 1, 2023, monthly minimum wage increased to RON 3,300 (Romanian lei) or RON 19.959 per hour for a full work schedule of 165.333 hours per month. 

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Romania.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Romania.