Poland

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Poland. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

Poland's Labor Code allows for a notice period in fixed-term, indefinite, and probationary contracts. 

Termination notice required during a probationary period is as follows:

  • Three business days for probationary period up to two weeks
  • One week, if probationary period is longer than two weeks but under three months
  • Two weeks for probationary period of three months

Notice period of a fixed-term or indefinite contract depends on the employee's length of service with the employer and is as follows:

  • Two weeks, if the employee has been working for less than six months
  • One month, if the employee has been working between six months and three years
  • Three months of notice, if the employee has been employed for at least three years.

Work Permits

Under Poland's Employment Promotion and Labor Market Institutions Act, employers may hire foreign employees from EU or non-EU countries after receiving a local regulator's (voivode) permit for employment.

The types of work permits are as follows:

  • Type A - issued to employees who perform work in Poland based on an employment contract
  • Type B - issued to foreigners who work as members of the Management Board of an entity in Poland and remain in the country for a period exceeding six months within 12 consecutive months
  • Type C - issued to employees who are delegated to work for a branch office or plant of a foreign company in Poland, for more than 30 days in a calendar year
  • Type D - for employees sent to Poland for temporary or ad hoc work for a foreign company that does not have a branch office, plant, or business activities in Poland.
  • Type E - issued to foreign employees sent to Poland to work for a foreign employer, for longer than three months in a six-month period.

Paid Annual Leave

Per Poland's Labor Code, female employees have the right to maternity leave of 20 weeks upon giving birth to 1 child. This leave is extended proportionately in the event of giving birth to more than 1 child. The employee can use at least 6 weeks of maternity leave before the anticipated date of the delivery. The employee may petition the employer for an additional 6 weeks of pre-birth maternity leave.

The female employee can renounce the right to the remaining part of the maternity leave if she used at least 14 weeks of the leave after the delivery. Employees are given the right to assign maternity, and parental leave to any member within their immediate family upon the family member's written request.

In the event of a stillbirth or the death of a child before the age of 8 weeks, the employee is entitled to maternity leave for 8 weeks after delivery, but not less than 7 days from the date of the child's death. 

Working Hours

According to the labor law of Poland, working time may not exceed 8 hours per 24-hour period and an average of 40 hours in an average 5-day workweek measured over a calculation period of 4 months. In agricultural and animal husbandry sectors, and industries that involve guarding property or protecting people, a calculation period of up to 6 months may be used (12 months where it is justified by uncommon organizational or technical conditions affecting the working process).

The weekly working time, combined with overtime, may not exceed an average of 48 hours over the accepted calculation period. Collective agreements may modify these default rules.

The law also provides for remote working. The rules for remote working must be set in an agreement between the employer and the company trade union organization, or in the internal work regulations set by the employer. 

Maternity Leave

Per Poland's Labor Code, female employees have the right to maternity leave of 20 weeks upon giving birth to 1 child. This leave is extended proportionately in the event of giving birth to more than 1 child. The employee can use at least 6 weeks of maternity leave before the anticipated date of the delivery. The employee may petition the employer for an additional 6 weeks of pre-birth maternity leave.

The female employee can renounce the right to the remaining part of the maternity leave if she used at least 14 weeks of the leave after the delivery. Employees are given the right to assign maternity, and parental leave to any member within their immediate family upon the family member's written request.

In the event of a stillbirth or the death of a child before the age of 8 weeks, the employee is entitled to maternity leave for 8 weeks after delivery, but not less than 7 days from the date of the child's death. 

Minimum Wage

The minimum wage is expressed as the minimum monthly payment due to a full-time employee. For part-time employees, the amount is reduced proportionally. The minimum wage law allows a worker to be paid 80% of the minimum wage in the first year of work and 90% of the minimum wage in the second year. The level of minimum wage increases according to the projected global average annual consumer price index.

As of January 1, 2024, the monthly minimum wage is set at PLN 4,242 (Polish zloty), and the hourly rate will be PLN 27.70. In 2024, the monthly minimum wage will increase for a second time on July 1, 2024, to PLN 4,300. 

Salary must be paid at least once a month on a fixed date, no later than the first 10 days of the following calendar month. If the agreed date of payment falls on a holiday, payment must be made on the preceding day. 

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Poland.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Poland.