Peru

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Peru. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

Peru's labor law requires employers to give employees written notice of at least six calendar days in cases of dismissal due to conduct and a notice period of 30 calendar days for cases of dismissal due to lack of employee capacity. The employer notification letter must specify the cause of dismissal and the date of the effective termination.

Employees need to provide 30 days' notice if they terminate their contract.

Work Permits

Foreign nationals who wish to work in Peru under an employment contract must obtain a residence permit. The Ministry of Labor will grant a work permit after approving the employment contract. This type of permit is valid for one year and can be extended for the same duration. The following documents must be submitted to obtain the work permit:

  • Payment receipt for the fee
  • Copy of passport or travel document
  • Notarized copy of the employment contract in Peru
  • Letter from the Peruvian employer indicating the type of activity and place where the service will be performed.

Paid Annual Leave

Pregnant employees are entitled to 49 days of paid leave before delivery and 49 days after delivery. In the case of multiple births or birth with a disability, the maternity leave is extended by 30 days. If the delivery occurs before the expected date, the remaining days are added to the postnatal rest. Qualified insured employees receive 100% of their average daily earnings over the last four months from the social insurance fund, up to a maximum earnings level, for all 98 days. The benefit is extended for multiple births or the birth of a child with a disability.

To qualify for maternity benefits from the state social insurance fund, mothers must have at least three consecutive months of contributions or at least four months of contributions in the six months before becoming pregnant. Dock and agricultural workers must have at least three consecutive months of contributions or at least four months of contributions in the 12 months before becoming pregnant. Also, they must have contributed during the month in which the child is born.

Working Hours

Peru's labor law stipulates that the standard workweek is 48 hours and that daily working hours cannot exceed eight hours. Employers are authorized to establish ordinary working days in agreement with the trade union. Employees can work more hours in a week to make up for missed work during holidays by agreement.

The work of adolescents between the ages of 12 and 14 shall not exceed four hours daily or 24 hours a week. Work by adolescents between the ages of 15 and 17 cannot exceed six hours a day or 36 hours a week.

Adolescents under 18 are prohibited from working between the hours of 7:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m.

Maternity Leave

Pregnant employees are entitled to 49 days of paid leave before delivery and 49 days after delivery. In the case of multiple births or birth with a disability, the maternity leave is extended by 30 days. If the delivery occurs before the expected date, the remaining days are added to the postnatal rest. Qualified insured employees receive 100% of their average daily earnings over the last four months from the social insurance fund, up to a maximum earnings level, for all 98 days. The benefit is extended for multiple births or the birth of a child with a disability.

To qualify for maternity benefits from the state social insurance fund, mothers must have at least three consecutive months of contributions or at least four months of contributions in the six months before becoming pregnant. Dock and agricultural workers must have at least three consecutive months of contributions or at least four months of contributions in the 12 months before becoming pregnant. Also, they must have contributed during the month in which the child is born.

Minimum Wage

Effective May 1, 2022, the government raised Peru's minimum wage to PEN 1,025 (Peruvian soles) per month. Employees must be paid at least once a month.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Peru.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Peru.