Oman

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Oman. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

Per Oman's Labor Code, if an employment contract is for an indefinite duration, either of the parties may terminate it after giving written notice of at least 30 days to the other party. If the contract is terminated without notice, the party who terminates the contract must pay the other party compensation equal to the gross wage for the notice period or the remaining part thereof. A notice of termination issued by the employer to a worker on leave or public holiday will not begin until the day following the end of the leave or holiday. Employers must grant the employees on notice period, 10 hours paid off time per week to search for a new job.  

If the contract is for a limited duration, and the parties have continued the contract's execution past its duration, the agreement shall be deemed to have been renewed on the same terms for an indefinite period. If the contract is not renewed, a minimum notice of 30 days is required. 

During probation, contracts can be terminated by giving a notice of 7 days.  

Work Permits

Foreign nationals who wish to work in Oman must obtain a work permit and a work visa from the Ministry of Manpower. Work visas are valid for 2 years and are issued as multi-entry visas. The following requirements must be met to be eligible for a work visa:

  • The visa must be issued at the request of the employer.
  • The employee must be over 21 years of age and under 60 years of age.
  • The employee's occupation must be the same as that mentioned in the work permit.

The following documents must be submitted to obtain a work visa:

  • 2 photographs
  • Copy of passport, valid for at least 6 months
  • Copy of labor permit
  • Copy of medical certificate
  • Copy of approval from Ministry of Manpower for conducting the job in Oman.

Paid Annual Leave

Oman's new labor law grants 98 days of maternity leave to female employees, during which the employee receives their full salary. This includes 14 days of prenatal leave and 84 days of postnatal leave. There is an option to extend the leave by another 98 days within a year of childbirth as unpaid leave. Employees also get 98 days leave in case of adoption, provided the child is under the age of 3 months.

Maternity leave benefits are paid from the maternity leave insurance branch of the Social Protection Fund. Employers are obligated to pay the monthly contributions of the maternity leave insurance branch at the rate of 1% of the wage per month. The amount of benefit paid during the leave is equal to 100% of the employee’s wage. 

To be eligible for maternity allowance, the pregnancy must have progressed more than 25 weeks. If the child dies after the 25th week, the insured employee is still eligible for full maternity leave with pay. 

Working Hours

Oman's new labor law stipulates that the standard workweek is 40 hours per week or 8 hours per day, not including an hour per day for rest and eating. The period of continuous work must not be more than 6 hours. The maximum working hours for Muslim employees during the month of Ramadan are 30 hours per week and 6 hours per day. Working hours for minors cannot exceed 6 hours per day.

Employees working more than the standard working hours are eligible for overtime. The total working hours in a day cannot exceed 12 hours, including overtime. 

Maternity Leave

Oman's new labor law grants 98 days of maternity leave to female employees, during which the employee receives their full salary. This includes 14 days of prenatal leave and 84 days of postnatal leave. There is an option to extend the leave by another 98 days within a year of childbirth as unpaid leave. Employees also get 98 days leave in case of adoption, provided the child is under the age of 3 months.

Maternity leave benefits are paid from the maternity leave insurance branch of the Social Protection Fund. Employers are obligated to pay the monthly contributions of the maternity leave insurance branch at the rate of 1% of the wage per month. The amount of benefit paid during the leave is equal to 100% of the employee’s wage. 

To be eligible for maternity allowance, the pregnancy must have progressed more than 25 weeks. If the child dies after the 25th week, the insured employee is still eligible for full maternity leave with pay. 

Minimum Wage

The Council of Ministers sets Oman's minimum wage according to economic circumstances. The minimum wage was last set in 2013 to OMR 325 (Omani rials) per month.

According to Oman's Labor Law, employees appointed for monthly wages must be paid at least once a month. Part-time employees and other employees whose contract duration exceeds 2 weeks must be paid once a week. In all cases, the wage must be paid within 3 days from the end of the period for which it is due. It is not allowed for an employer to transfer an employee with a monthly wage to the category of daily employees or to the category of employees appointed for a weekly, piece-rate, or hourly wage except with the written consent of the employee. 

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Oman.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Oman.