Nigeria

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Nigeria. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

The notice period is calculated based on the length of employment:

  • One day, where the employment has lasted three months or less
  • One week, where the employment has lasted for more than three months but less than two years
  • Two weeks, where the employment has lasted between two years and less than five years
  • One month, where the employment has lasted for five years or more

Any notice period of more than one week has to be in writing. The notice period requirement can be waived by paying the employee's basic wages (excluding overtime and other allowances) in lieu of notice. Contracts can be terminated without notice in case of gross misconduct by either party.  

Work Permits

Foreign nationals who come to Nigeria for employment need to apply for a Temporary Residence Visa. R2A - Employment Visa (Expatriate) is a type of visa issued to persons who wish to take up employment in Nigeria, based on expatriate quota. The following documents must be submitted:

  • Passport valid for at least least 6 months with at least 2 blank visa pages for endorsement
  • Formal application for R2A Visa from the Employer/Institution accepting Immigration Responsibility
  • Expatriate quota approval
  • Letters of offer of appointment and acceptance of offer
  • Educational qualifications and Curriculum Vitae 

After entering Nigeria, employees can apply for Regularization of Stay (Residence Permits). Residence permits are made for 2 years, and are renewable.

Paid Annual Leave

A female employee is entitled to six weeks of maternity leave before and six weeks after the expected date of childbirth, provided that the employee has obtained a medical certificate from a registered medical practitioner. Maternity leave is paid at a rate of at least 50% of the wages the employee would have earned had they not been absent, provided that the employee had been working for the same employer for a period of 6 months before the leave.

The employer is not liable to pay for any medical expenses incurred by a female employee during pregnancy or childbirth.

Employers are prohibited from terminating a female employee during an absence after maternity leave if this absence is due to inability to resume work related to conditions arising from delivery. Extended maternity leave is unpaid.

Working Hours

Under the new National Minimum Wage Act 0f 2019, general full-time working hours are fixed by agreement or collective bargaining within the enterprise or industry. When there is no arrangement for collective bargaining, an Industrial Wages Board may set the general working hours. The Labour Act does not indicate a standard number of weekly working hours.

Maternity Leave

A female employee is entitled to six weeks of maternity leave before and six weeks after the expected date of childbirth, provided that the employee has obtained a medical certificate from a registered medical practitioner. Maternity leave is paid at a rate of at least 50% of the wages the employee would have earned had they not been absent, provided that the employee had been working for the same employer for a period of 6 months before the leave.

The employer is not liable to pay for any medical expenses incurred by a female employee during pregnancy or childbirth.

Employers are prohibited from terminating a female employee during an absence after maternity leave if this absence is due to inability to resume work related to conditions arising from delivery. Extended maternity leave is unpaid.

Minimum Wage

In Nigeria, the National Minimum Wage Act mandates that all employees' minimum wage be NGN 30,000 (Nigerian nairas) per month. The minimum wage was last adjusted in 2019.

The following establishments are exempt from the obligation to pay the national minimum wage: 

  • An establishment with fewer than 25 workers
  • An establishment which employs workers on a part-time basis (under 40 hours per week)
  • An establishment at which wages are paid through commissions or on a piece-rate basis
  • Workers in seasonal employment (for example, agriculture) and seamen or crew members of an aircraft

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Nigeria.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Nigeria.