Netherlands

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Netherlands. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

The required notice period provided by the employer depends on the length of employee service, as follows:

  • 1 month for less than 5 years of service
  • 2 months for more than 5 but less than 10 years of service
  • 3 months for more than 10 but less than 15 years of service
  • 4 months for 15 or more years of service

Employees may terminate an employment contract with 1 month’s notice. The notice period can be increased or decreased if put in writing. However, it cannot exceed 6 months. Fixed-term employees may be required to give notice to terminate their contract before expiry, if it is included in their contract.

Work Permits

Persons from outside the European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland who wish to work in the Netherlands must obtain a work permit. For employment lasting less than 3 months, only a work permit (TWV) is required. If employment will last more than 3 months, a combined residence and work permit (GVVA) is required.

Work permits are valid for 1 year. There are exceptions for certain types of work, and in this case, a work permit can be obtained for a maximum of 3 years.

Paid Annual Leave

In the Netherlands, female employees are entitled to a minimum of 16 weeks - 6 weeks before birth and 10 weeks after birth. In the case of multiple births, employees are entitled to a total of 20 weeks of leave. In case of termination of pregnancy at 24 weeks or after and stillbirth, employees are entitled to 16-week maternity allowance.If pregnancy ends before that, employees are entitled to sickness benefits.

An employee must notify her employer 3 weeks before taking maternity leave and no later than the second day after the delivery. During maternity leave and birth leave, the employee is entitled to Employment Insurance Agency benefit of 100% of the daily wage, without exceeding the maximum daily wage of EUR 264.57 (Euros).

An employer cannot dismiss an employee for pregnancy. The employment contract may not be terminated during the term of maternity leave and for 6 weeks after maternity leave.

Working Hours

In the Netherlands, the weekly working time may not exceed 48 hours, on average, in a 16-week reference period and 55 hours, on average, during a 4-week reference period, including overtime. Employees can work a maximum of 12 hours in a shift and 60 hours in a week. Collective agreements may specify other daily and weekly hours that are still subject to the daily and weekly 12- and 60-hour limits, respectively. A longer workweek is possible as long as a rest period of at least 72 hours is provided every 14 days. The length of a night shift cannot go over 10 hours.

Working hours for young employees cannot be longer than 8 hours per shift or 40 hours per week over a 16-week reference period. 

Employees can request their employers to work remotely if they meet certain criteria - employed with companies with more than 10 employees and have worked for more than 6 months. The statutory regulation for working from home does not apply to companies with fewer than 10 employees. 

Maternity Leave

In the Netherlands, female employees are entitled to a minimum of 16 weeks - 6 weeks before birth and 10 weeks after birth. In the case of multiple births, employees are entitled to a total of 20 weeks of leave. In case of termination of pregnancy at 24 weeks or after and stillbirth, employees are entitled to 16-week maternity allowance.If pregnancy ends before that, employees are entitled to sickness benefits.

An employee must notify her employer 3 weeks before taking maternity leave and no later than the second day after the delivery. During maternity leave and birth leave, the employee is entitled to Employment Insurance Agency benefit of 100% of the daily wage, without exceeding the maximum daily wage of EUR 264.57 (Euros).

An employer cannot dismiss an employee for pregnancy. The employment contract may not be terminated during the term of maternity leave and for 6 weeks after maternity leave.

Minimum Wage

In the Netherlands, from January 2024, only minimum hourly wages are published. There are no longer fixed minimum monthly, weekly and daily wages. The statutory gross minimum wage for employees aged 21 and older who are full-time employees is EUR 13.27 per hour. Employees below 21 years of age are paid a percentage of this wage. 

The minimum wage amount is adjusted every 6 months (on January 1 and July 1) based on the average development of negotiated wages in the country.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Netherlands.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Netherlands.