Namibia

< View all countries

Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Namibia. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

Per Namibian labor law, if a contract of employment is terminated with notice, the period of notice must not be less than:

  • 1 day, if employed for 4 weeks or less
  • 1 week, if employed for more than 4 weeks but less than 1 year
  • 1 month, if employed for more than 1 year

Notice of termination must be given in writing, stating the reasons for termination, whether the termination is by the employer, and the date on which the notice is given.

 

Work Permits

In Namibia, an employment permit is granted for a duration of 12 months. The processing fee is NAD 2,000 (Namibian dollars), and the non-refundable handling fee is NAD 80. The following documents are to be submitted:

  • Completed temporary work permit form number 0/2742(2)
  • Completed visa application form number 3-10033
  • Completed medical report form number 3-1/0003
  • Completed radiological report form number 3-1/0004
  • Completed deed of surety form number 3-1/0005 signed by the bank or employer
  • Copy of passport (personal data page)
  • Two passport photos
  • Police clearance certificate from the country of origin and last country of residence for the past 6 months
  • Copy of marriage certificate if married to a Namibian citizen and proof of citizenship
  • Registration with Namibia Professional Board/ Council or Association, if required by the profession
  • Employment offer (completion of employer’s representation form)
  • Company profile
  • Proof of advertisement of the vacancy in a local newspaper to be submitted by the employer.

For the renewal of the work permit for the next 12 months, the following documents must be submitted:

  • Completed application for renewal of employment permit form
  • Application for re-entry visa form
  • A motivation letter from the employer
  • Company profile/audited financial statements/Social Security registration of employees
  • Copy of passport
  • Proof of being a taxpayer in Namibia
  • Progress report on the training of Namibian employees
  • Favorable local police clearance
  • Proof of advertisement of the job held, CVs or names of unsuccessful Namibians and their qualifications and contact details
  • Proof of local employees as well as their Social Security registration numbers.

Paid Annual Leave

In Namibia, the law provides a maternity leave of at least 12 weeks to female employees who have 6 months of continuous service with an employer. The mother is entitled to commence maternity leave 4 weeks before delivery and is entitled to 8 weeks of maternity leave after confinement. If an employee's date of confinement occurred less than 4 weeks after the start of her maternity leave, the amount of additional time required to bring her total maternity leave to 12 weeks is added to her leave after confinement.

The law also provides a maternity leave extension if a medical practitioner certifies any complications during birth. This extension is granted for a maximum of 1 month or the duration of sick leave that the employee has accrued by that time.

During any maternity leave period, the employment contract provisions remain in force. As a result, the employer must pay the employee the remuneration payable during the maternity leave period, except for the basic wage benefit, which is provided by the Social Security Commission. The Social Security Commission pays 100% of an employee's basic wage up to a maximum amount of NAD 15,000.00 per month, payable for a maximum of 12 weeks.

Working Hours

Namibia's Labour Act stipulates that an employer must not require or permit an employee to work more than 45 hours per week, 9 hours per day (for those who work 5 days a week), or 8 hours per day (for those who work for more than 5 days a week). The maximum number of hours a child above 10 years of age can work is 5 hours a day.

The ordinary working hours of an employee whose duties include serving members of the public may be extended up to 15 minutes in a day, but not more than a total of 60 minutes in a week.

In the case of employees working in emergency healthcare services and security officers, however, the workweek cannot exceed 60 hours, 12 hours per day (for employees working for 5 days a week), or 10 hours per day (for employees working for more than 5 days a week).

Maternity Leave

In Namibia, the law provides a maternity leave of at least 12 weeks to female employees who have 6 months of continuous service with an employer. The mother is entitled to commence maternity leave 4 weeks before delivery and is entitled to 8 weeks of maternity leave after confinement. If an employee's date of confinement occurred less than 4 weeks after the start of her maternity leave, the amount of additional time required to bring her total maternity leave to 12 weeks is added to her leave after confinement.

The law also provides a maternity leave extension if a medical practitioner certifies any complications during birth. This extension is granted for a maximum of 1 month or the duration of sick leave that the employee has accrued by that time.

During any maternity leave period, the employment contract provisions remain in force. As a result, the employer must pay the employee the remuneration payable during the maternity leave period, except for the basic wage benefit, which is provided by the Social Security Commission. The Social Security Commission pays 100% of an employee's basic wage up to a maximum amount of NAD 15,000.00 per month, payable for a maximum of 12 weeks.

Minimum Wage

The construction sector minimum wages depend on the employee's category and whether the worker is semi-skilled or an artisan. Effective March 2024, the construction sector minimum wage ranges from NAD 18.72 (Namibian dollars) per hour (increasing to NAD 19.46 in 2025) for laborers to NAD 140.91 per hour (increasing to NAD 146.55 in 2025) for security guards (per 12-hour shift).

The minimum wage for workers in the agricultural sector consists of a cash wage of NAD 6 per hour as well as rations. 

The minimum wage in the security section is NAD 10.00 per hour for workers who have been employed for at least 12 months.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Namibia.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Namibia.