Mozambique

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Mozambique. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

Advance notice in writing is required for terminating contracts. The length of the notice period depends on the reasons for termination. 

In case of termination of a contract at an employee's initiative, advance notice of seven days is required if there are just causes for termination. In other cases, the notice period must be as follows:

  • 6 months to 3 years of permanent employment - 15 days
  • More than 3 years of permanent employment - 30 days
  • Fixed-term employment lasting more than 3 years - 30 days.

Employers can terminate employment contracts with prior notice of at least 30 days on the basis of structural, technological, or market-related reasons. If a contract is terminated during probation, advance notice of seven days is required in writing. No notice is required for dismissal due to gross misconduct.

Work Permits

Employers (whether national or foreign) may hire foreign nationals (whether as employees or otherwise) when they have the relevant authorization from the Minister of Labour or from entities to which the Minister has delegated this competency.

It is forbidden to employ foreign nationals who entered the country on diplomatic, courtesy, official, tourism, visitor, business, or student visas. Employment of foreigners is limited to defined quotas (5-10%).

Foreign employees need to apply for work authorization and a work permit. They must submit an application to the Ministry of Labour with relevant supporting documents. Permits are issued for those who wish to work for more than 90 days in Mozambique. Only one extension is possible. 

Paid Annual Leave

Female employees are entitled to a paid maternity leave of 90 consecutive days, which may commence 20 days before the expected delivery date. This leave shall apply equally to cases of full-term or premature births, regardless of whether it was a live birth or a stillbirth. If there is a clinical risk to the female employee or the child, she shall be entitled to a leave of absence before the birth without prejudice to the maternity leave. Mozambique National Institute of Social Security provides maternity benefits to insured employees who pay contributions. The allowance is paid at the rate of employee's average daily wage for up to 60 days.

Employees are paid their regular remuneration during maternity leave. Employers are forbidden from giving female employees work that is harmful to their health or their reproductive functions or to dismiss pregnant employees during maternity leave or up to 1 year after birth.

Working Hours

Regular working hours must not exceed 48 hours per week and eight hours per day. Daily working hours may be extended to 9 hours per day, provided that the employee is given an extra half-day of rest per week. The regular working hours of minors between the ages of 15 and 18 must not exceed 25 hours per week and are limited to a maximum of 5 hours a day.

Establishments engaged in industrial activity, except for those in which employees work shifts, may adopt a workweek of 45 hours spread out over 5 days in a week.

Under exceptional circumstances, working time may be extended to 56 hours a week by collective agreement.

Maternity Leave

Female employees are entitled to a paid maternity leave of 90 consecutive days, which may commence 20 days before the expected delivery date. This leave shall apply equally to cases of full-term or premature births, regardless of whether it was a live birth or a stillbirth. If there is a clinical risk to the female employee or the child, she shall be entitled to a leave of absence before the birth without prejudice to the maternity leave. Mozambique National Institute of Social Security provides maternity benefits to insured employees who pay contributions. The allowance is paid at the rate of employee's average daily wage for up to 60 days.

Employees are paid their regular remuneration during maternity leave. Employers are forbidden from giving female employees work that is harmful to their health or their reproductive functions or to dismiss pregnant employees during maternity leave or up to 1 year after birth.

Minimum Wage

All employees are entitled to minimum wage. The minimum wage is set annually at the industry-level by the government in agreement with the Consultative Commission on Employment.

Effective April 1, 2023, the current wage rates by industry are between MZN 4,791.68 (Mozambican metical) and MZN 16,061.32 per month.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Mozambique.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Mozambique.