Mongolia

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Mongolia. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

In Mongolia, employees have to give their employers notice of at least 30 days before terminating their employment. Employers are required to give a notice of at least 30 days for mass dismissals.

Work Permits

Foreign nationals must submit an application for a residence permit in Mongolia for private purposes to the state administrative body in charge of foreign citizenship within 21 days from the date of entering the country. The application for a residence permit must be submitted in hard copy and in original by the foreign national. A foreigner applying for a residence permit for official or private purposes is required to undergo a medical examination if necessary.

The following types of visas and corresponding residence permits are issued to those who wish to work in Mongolia:

  • C1 - work in construction 
  • C2 - work in science, education and technology 
  • C3 - work in geology, mining, oil and energy 
  • C4 - work in financial, economic and legal fields 
  • C5 - work in culture and sports 
  • C6 - work in production and service sector 
  • C7 - work in agriculture sector 
  • C8 - work in health sector 
  • C9 - work in humanitarian field 
  • C10 - work in the field of care and services for household needs 
  • C11 - work in transport sector 

Paid Annual Leave

The Labor Code of Mongolia grants 120 days' maternity leave to new mothers. It is increased to 140 days for twins. Maternity benefit is paid at the average salary of the employee by the Social Insurance Fund. Employees must have paid insurance contributions for at least 12 months, including immediate 6 months before taking maternity leave to be eligible for benefits. Adoptive parents of a newborn child get paid leave up to 60 days.

Maternity leave is also granted to a mother who gave birth to a child 196 or more days prematurely, had a medical abortion, terminated the pregnancy by medical means, or gave birth to a viable child without 196 days of pregnancy. 

Employers must not dismiss an employee for being pregnant or on maternity leave. Pregnant employees can agree with the employer to perform their duties from home or from a distance. It is prohibited to engage a pregnant woman or an employee with a child under 3 years of age on a business trip, except with their consent.

 

Working Hours

In Mongolia, the standard working hours are 40 per week or eight hours per day. For part-time employees, the working hours are 32 hours per week. The working hours of a minor employee must not exceed 30 hours per week. The maximum working hours per week shall not exceed 56 hours. The additional working hours per day shall not exceed four hours. Employers must keep a record of employees' working hours. All employees must get two consecutive days' weekly rest.

An employee's working hours can be reduced under certain circumstances and employees are paid by the hour.

 

Maternity Leave

The Labor Code of Mongolia grants 120 days' maternity leave to new mothers. It is increased to 140 days for twins. Maternity benefit is paid at the average salary of the employee by the Social Insurance Fund. Employees must have paid insurance contributions for at least 12 months, including immediate 6 months before taking maternity leave to be eligible for benefits. Adoptive parents of a newborn child get paid leave up to 60 days.

Maternity leave is also granted to a mother who gave birth to a child 196 or more days prematurely, had a medical abortion, terminated the pregnancy by medical means, or gave birth to a viable child without 196 days of pregnancy. 

Employers must not dismiss an employee for being pregnant or on maternity leave. Pregnant employees can agree with the employer to perform their duties from home or from a distance. It is prohibited to engage a pregnant woman or an employee with a child under 3 years of age on a business trip, except with their consent.

 

Minimum Wage

No employee can be paid less than the statutory minimum wage. The minimum wage is set by the tripartite National Committee on Labor and Social Consent every 2 years. Minimum wage was set at MNT 660,000 (Mongolian tugrik) per month for 2024.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Mongolia.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Mongolia.