Madagascar

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Madagascar. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

An indefinite-term contract can be terminated by either party by providing prior notice (or without notice in the event of gross negligence). The dismissal notice length varies between 1 day and 6 months, depending on the employee’s length of service in that company and their professional category.

The notice must be provided in writing. During the notice period, the worker is entitled to 1 day off per week. Any breach of contract where the notice period is not fully observed requires the party responsible for the breach to pay the other party compensation.

Work Permits

Employees must apply for a transformable visa to obtain a work permit. In addition to the general documents required for this type of visa, additional documents might be required depending on the immigrant category.

To apply for a work visa, an application with relevant documents must be submitted to Madagascar's Economic Development Board. Work visas are issued for up to 2 years and are renewable after that.

Paid Annual Leave

In Madagascar, female employees are entitled to 14 weeks of paid maternity leave, including 8 weeks of postnatal leave. In case of complications or sickness resulted from pregnancy or birth, the maternity leave can be further extended by 3 weeks (the employee must have a medical certificate attesting to her condition).

The maternity leave is fully paid. The employee shall be reimbursed for the childbirth costs and, where appropriate, for medical care (within the limits of the health facilities' fees). If the female employee is insured, the costs are split equally between the National Social Insurance Fund and the employer. If the employee is not insured, the employer must cover the costs in full. An employee cannot be dismissed for taking maternity leave. 

A prenatal allowance of MGA 63,000 (Malagasy ariary) is also paid to pregnant employees or spouses of insured employees. A maternity allowance of MGA 84,000 is paid to female employees in 2 installments. 

Working Hours

Regular working hours for young workers in Madagascar are 8 hours per day and 40 hours per week. The working hours limit for all types of employees is 173.33 hours per month, and the annual limit for workers in the farming sector is 2,200 hours. Any work done in excess of these hours is considered overtime. 

Maternity Leave

In Madagascar, female employees are entitled to 14 weeks of paid maternity leave, including 8 weeks of postnatal leave. In case of complications or sickness resulted from pregnancy or birth, the maternity leave can be further extended by 3 weeks (the employee must have a medical certificate attesting to her condition).

The maternity leave is fully paid. The employee shall be reimbursed for the childbirth costs and, where appropriate, for medical care (within the limits of the health facilities' fees). If the female employee is insured, the costs are split equally between the National Social Insurance Fund and the employer. If the employee is not insured, the employer must cover the costs in full. An employee cannot be dismissed for taking maternity leave. 

A prenatal allowance of MGA 63,000 (Malagasy ariary) is also paid to pregnant employees or spouses of insured employees. A maternity allowance of MGA 84,000 is paid to female employees in 2 installments. 

Minimum Wage

The minimum wages in Madagascar are determined by the government or by collective agreements, if more favorable. Following the National Employment Council's recommendations, the government sets a wage scale and a national minimum wage rate (on hiring).

The current minimum wage is MGA 250,800.00 (Malagasy ariary) per month. The value of the index point for the calculation of Minimum Hiring and Seniority Salaries by professional category is 0.8745 for non-agricultural sector and 0.7688 for agricultural sector, making non-agricultural minimum wage MGA 242,200, and agricultural minimum wage as MGA 238,800

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Madagascar.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Madagascar.