Lesotho

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Lesotho. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

For indefinite term contracts, either party can terminate a contract of employment by giving notice as follows:

  • When the employee has been continuously employed for one year or more - one month
  • When the employee has been continuously employed for more than six months but less than one year - 15 days
  • When the employee has been continuously employed for less than six months - one week

Employers and employees can agree to a contract with longer notice periods. Notice to terminate a contract can be either oral or written. Employers can also choose to pay the employee in lieu of providing notice of termination.  

Work Permits

Lesotho does not have a specific work permit for foreign nationals. They grant Business Visas for single (up to 90 days) or multiple entries (up to 180 days). Applicants must submit business references: a letter from the employer or an invitation letter from the Lesotho organization. 

 

 

Paid Annual Leave

Pregnant employees are entitled to six weeks' maternity leave before and six weeks' leave after the date of delivery. They must give a notice of their anticipated date of delivery to their employers. The leave can be extended by two weeks in case of medical complications.

There is no obligation on employers to pay wages during maternity leave but employers can choose to pay benefits under an employment contract. 

Any dismissal of any employee that takes effect during her statutory maternity leave shall automatically be an unfair dismissal. An employer who knowingly permits or requires any female employee to perform any work during her period of statutory maternity leave shall be guilty of an offense and liable to a fine or to three months' imprisonment or both. 

Working Hours

Normal working hours are 45 hours per week in Lesotho, nine hours a day for those working five days a week, and eight hours of work on five days and five hours of work on one day for those working six days a week. No employee shall be required to work continuously for more than five hours without being given a rest period from work of no less than one hour. The limitations on ordinary working hours and hours of overtime do not apply when it is necessary to perform urgent work to remedy any breakdown of machinery and plant or in case of an emergency. No person under the age of 16 years shall be required or permitted to work for more than four consecutive hours without a break of at least one hour, or for more than eight hours in a day.

Maternity Leave

Pregnant employees are entitled to six weeks' maternity leave before and six weeks' leave after the date of delivery. They must give a notice of their anticipated date of delivery to their employers. The leave can be extended by two weeks in case of medical complications.

There is no obligation on employers to pay wages during maternity leave but employers can choose to pay benefits under an employment contract. 

Any dismissal of any employee that takes effect during her statutory maternity leave shall automatically be an unfair dismissal. An employer who knowingly permits or requires any female employee to perform any work during her period of statutory maternity leave shall be guilty of an offense and liable to a fine or to three months' imprisonment or both. 

Minimum Wage

Annual minimum wage is fixed by a wage order published by the Wages Advisory Board in Lesotho. The current general monthly minimum wage is LSL 1,881.00 (Lesotho loti) for employees with less than 1 year of service and LSL 2,053.00 for those with more than 1 year of service, set in May 2022. There are sectoral minimum wages as well. Refer to "Labour Code (Minimum Wages) Notice, 2022" in the references section.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Lesotho.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Lesotho.