Latvia

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Latvia. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

When terminating an employment contract, an employer must give a notice period to employees based on the reason for termination as follows:

  • In case of gross misconduct (illegal activities, showing up to work in a state of intoxication) or inability to work due to health issues - no notice period 
  • In case of violation of employment contract, acting contrary to moral principles, violation of health and safety provisions, or temporary disability for more than 6 months - 10 days of notice. 
  • In case of lack of adequate occupational competence, reinstatement of an employee who previously performed the respective work, reduction in the number of employees, or liquidation of business - 1 month.

The notice must be given in writing and include the reason for termination. 

Persons hired for temporary work have the right to 1 day's notice. Fixed-term contracts without a final date can be terminated by giving 2 weeks' notice.

Work Permits

Foreign nationals are allowed to work in Latvia under the following categories of residence permits:

  • With restrictions upon entering into an employment contract with a specific employer in a particular specialty (profession), part-time work, or concluding another civil legal contract
  • For conducting commercial activities, if the person is an individual economic operator, a member of the board or the council, a proctor, an administrator, a liquidator or a member of a partnership, or self-employed
  • Without restrictions.

Effective June 13, 2022, Latvia temporarily suspended temporary residence permits to Russian and Belarusian citizens. The limitation on the issuance of temporary residence permits is in force until June 30, 2023. 

As of September 2023, Latvian consular posts are now issuing long-stay (D) visas to Russian citizens with Latvian temporary residence permits.

Foreign nationals employed with a specific employer in a particular profession require a work permit and a residence permit for their stay in Latvia. A work permit is issued together with a visa or a temporary residence permit after a Latvian employer has demonstrated a necessity for a specific specialist. A short-term work permit is valid for 6 months, and long-term permits are issued in accordance with the residence permit (up to 4 years for temporary residence and indefinitely for permanent residence).

Foreign nationals who have received a permanent residence permit for certain categories are allowed to work in Latvia without restrictions.

Paid Annual Leave

Pregnant employees are entitled to 112 days of maternity leave: 56 days before birth and 56 days after birth, each of which can be increased to 70 days in case of any complications. Employers must also provide appropriate leave for medical checkups if it is not possible to undergo such an examination outside of working time. It is prohibited to employ pregnant women in harmful jobs that pose a risk to their or their child's health or to force them to work overtime. A pregnant woman can request to work part-time during the period following childbirth for up to 1 year. 

Employees have the right to return to their previous position after maternity leave. Employers are prohibited from giving a notice of termination of an employment contract to women during pregnancy and the period following childbirth for up to 1 year.

Maternity benefits are paid by the State Social Insurance Agency as 80% of the average salary of the employee for 112 days or a maximum of 140 days in case of complications. The benefit must be requested within 6 months from the first day of the maternity leave.

Working Hours

The standard working hours are 8 hours per day or 40 per week. If the daily working time on any weekday is shorter than the regular daily working time, the length of some other weekday may be extended, but not more than by 1 hour. 

For employees working in high-risk jobs, as well as young employees over the age of 15 but under 18, working hours cannot exceed 7 per day or 35 per week. Employees between 13 and 15 years of age may not work for more than 10 hours a week.

A workday is reduced by an hour before public holidays unless a shorter working time has been specified by a collective agreement, working procedure regulations, or an employment contract.

Maternity Leave

Pregnant employees are entitled to 112 days of maternity leave: 56 days before birth and 56 days after birth, each of which can be increased to 70 days in case of any complications. Employers must also provide appropriate leave for medical checkups if it is not possible to undergo such an examination outside of working time. It is prohibited to employ pregnant women in harmful jobs that pose a risk to their or their child's health or to force them to work overtime. A pregnant woman can request to work part-time during the period following childbirth for up to 1 year. 

Employees have the right to return to their previous position after maternity leave. Employers are prohibited from giving a notice of termination of an employment contract to women during pregnancy and the period following childbirth for up to 1 year.

Maternity benefits are paid by the State Social Insurance Agency as 80% of the average salary of the employee for 112 days or a maximum of 140 days in case of complications. The benefit must be requested within 6 months from the first day of the maternity leave.

Minimum Wage

Latvia's labor law provides that an employee's salary cannot be less than the minimum level determined by the government. On October 27, 2022, Latvia's Saeima (parliament) passed a minimum wage increase of EUR 620 (euros) for 2023 and EUR 700 for 2024, based on a 40-hour workweek.  Employees who fail to provide the minimum wage are subject to a fine. The law requires wages to be paid twice a month unless otherwise agreed upon with the employee, in which case it cannot be paid less than once a month.

The Ministry of Welfare, in collaboration with the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Economics, determines the minimum wage.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Latvia.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Latvia.