Kosovo

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Kosovo. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

The notice period for the termination of indefinite term contracts in Kosovo depends on the length of service as follows:

  • 6 months to 2 years of employment - 30 calendar days of notice
  • 2 years to 10 years of employment - 45 calendar days of notice
  • More than 10 years of employment - 60 calendar days of notice

An employment contract for a fixed term can be terminated with a 30-day notice period. An employer that does not intend to renew a fixed-term contract must inform the employee at least 30 days before the contract's expiration. Failure to provide this notice entitles the employee to an extension of employment with full pay for 30 calendar days. During a trial period, the employer and employee can terminate the employment relationship through an advance notice of 7 days.

The decision to terminate an employment contract must be issued in writing and include the dismissal grounds. The employer must pay the employee's salary and other allowances up to the day of termination of the employment relationship. The employer may deny the employee access to the company premises during the notice period.

Work Permits

A foreign national can work in Kosovo with a work permit issued for residence and employment. The foreign national can work only in those jobs for which a residence permit for work or certificate for employment notification has been issued. There is an annual quota for foreign employees in Kosovo, decided by the government. Employers may apply for work permits under this quota. Work permits based on quota are extended to employees who have valid travel documents, sufficient means of subsistence, and medical insurance. They must submit the following documents:

  • Copy of employment contract
  • Proof of education, qualifications, and training
  • Evidence on registration of the trade company or association in Kosovo.

Work permits may be issued outside the annual quota to the following persons:

  • Daily immigrants on the condition of reciprocity
  • Key personnel, service providers, employees, and their family members, whose status is regulated by the Stabilisation and Association Agreement and the interaction between the European Union and its states and the Republic of Kosovo
  • A foreign national working in private companies which are subcontractors to diplomatic missions that operate in the Republic of Kosovo
  • A foreign national who performs major duties for trade companies, associations, and representations
  • Teachers who teach in educational institutions in one of the languages of ethnic minorities
  • A foreign national who is transferred within the internal transfer of staff within trade companies and other personnel required determined in advance under the contract

A work permit is issued by the Department for Citizenship, Asylum and Migration (DCAM) after confirmation from the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare. Work permits can be issued to foreign nationals for the period required to carry out the tasks (up to 1 year). 

Paid Annual Leave

Kosovo's labor law provides 12 months of maternity leave to female employees. Female employees can begin maternity leave up to 45 days before the expected date of delivery. The employer can request that the pregnant employee start her maternity leave 28 days before birth if the employer finds that the woman cannot perform the functions of her employment. For the first 6 months of maternity leave, benefits are paid by the employer, with compensation equal to 70% of the employee's basic salary.

The next 3 months' payment is borne by the Government of Kosovo, with compensation equal to 50% of the employee's basic salary. Employees may then extend their leave for another 3 months without payment. If the employee does not want to take the leave for the last 3 months, she must inform her employer of the same at least 15 days before the end of 9 months' leave.

Working Hours

Kosovo's labor law indicates that the standard full-time workweek is 40 hours. The maximum regular working hours of employees under 18 years of age cannot exceed 30 hours per week. For employees whose work exposes them to harmful health impacts, the working hours may be reduced to no less than 20 hours per week, per Health Ministry regulations. Employees working in such jobs shall enjoy all the rights of full-time employees. 

In extraordinary cases, such as during periods of increased work volume, employees may work beyond 40 hours at an employer's request. Employees who work more than 40 hours per week are entitled to overtime. Overtime is limited to a maximum of 8 hours per week. Overtime is prohibited for employees under 18 years of age. Also, a part-time employee cannot work more than full-time working hours. Employers must keep a full record of overtime performed and produce it upon request to the Labor Inspectorate.

Maternity Leave

Kosovo's labor law provides 12 months of maternity leave to female employees. Female employees can begin maternity leave up to 45 days before the expected date of delivery. The employer can request that the pregnant employee start her maternity leave 28 days before birth if the employer finds that the woman cannot perform the functions of her employment. For the first 6 months of maternity leave, benefits are paid by the employer, with compensation equal to 70% of the employee's basic salary.

The next 3 months' payment is borne by the Government of Kosovo, with compensation equal to 50% of the employee's basic salary. Employees may then extend their leave for another 3 months without payment. If the employee does not want to take the leave for the last 3 months, she must inform her employer of the same at least 15 days before the end of 9 months' leave.

Minimum Wage

Kosovo's labor law requires the Government of Kosovo to set a minimum wage at the end of every calendar year, taking into account the following factors: 

  • Cost of living expenses
  • Level of unemployment in the country
  • General state in the labor market
  • General level of competitiveness and productivity of the country. 

The government sets the minimum wage based on the recommendations from the Social-Economic Council.

The minimum wage was last set in 2023 at EUR 264 per month.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Kosovo.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Kosovo.