Japan

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Japan. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

Employers are required to provide at least 30 days' notice or pay in lieu of it, irrespective of the duration of the employee's service.

The notice period requirement does not apply to employees on probationary period who have worked for less than 14 days. 

Work Permits

There are four categories of work visas in Japan:

  • High Skilled Professional Visa - issued to highly educated foreign nationals under a point-based system. It is granted for up to five years, with the possibility of permanent residence.
  • General Working Visa - issued to different categories of professionals. The duration of this visa ranges from three to five years.
  • Working Holiday Visa - issued to citizens of 26 countries that have a mutual agreement with Japan for a Working Holiday visa for a year.
  • Specified Skills Work Visa - newly launched visa to meet critical labor shortage in Japan in 14 specified industrial sectors. It is issued for a period of up to five years. Foreign employees have to pass a Specified Skilled Evaluation Test to get this type of work visa. 

Paid Annual Leave

Maternity leave in Japan is set at 14 weeks, including six weeks of prenatal and eight weeks of postnatal leave. It is paid at the rate of two-thirds of the employee's daily wage if she is enrolled in the Employees' Health Insurance Scheme.

Employers are prohibited from dismissing employees due to marriage, pregnancy, or childbirth. Dismissal of pregnant workers or employees in the first year after delivery is void unless the employer can prove just reasons for dismissal.

Working Hours

In Japan, the maximum working hours are 40 hours a week and eight hours a day. These hours may be extended under special circumstances, such as a disaster and other unavoidable events, not exceeding ten hours a day.

Minor employees 15-17 years of age are not allowed to work for more than 7 hours a day, or 40 hours a week, including school hours.

Japan has introduced new guidelines for remote work. It allows working from home or any other location. Duration of working hours and other terms of work are discussed between employer and employees. Employers must introduce tools to facilitate remote work and track hours of work. 

Maternity Leave

Maternity leave in Japan is set at 14 weeks, including six weeks of prenatal and eight weeks of postnatal leave. It is paid at the rate of two-thirds of the employee's daily wage if she is enrolled in the Employees' Health Insurance Scheme.

Employers are prohibited from dismissing employees due to marriage, pregnancy, or childbirth. Dismissal of pregnant workers or employees in the first year after delivery is void unless the employer can prove just reasons for dismissal.

Minimum Wage

In Japan, each prefecture sets its rate for a minimum hourly wage, bringing the national weighted average to JPY 1,004 (Japanese yens).

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Japan.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Japan.