Iraq

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Iraq. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

According to Iraq's Labor Law, the employer must generally give notice before terminating an employee's employment contract. The duration of the notice period is 30 days. If the employer does not provide notice, they will be liable to pay 30 days' compensation to the employee.

If it appears to the employer that the employee is not capable of performing the assigned work during a probationary period, the employer may terminate the contract within the probation period, provided the employer provides the employee with notice sent at least 7 days before the date of termination.

Work Permits

Iraq's Labor Law makes it mandatory for foreign nationals working in Iraq to obtain a work permit issued by the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. The following documents are required to obtain the permit:

  • Application signed by the employer, addressed to the Department of Employment and Loans and Department of Foreigners
  • Copy of the employee's passport
  • List of Iraqi workers employed by the company
  • Foreign guarantor of the employee in their home country.

Paid Annual Leave

Iraq's Labor Law entitles pregnant employees to a fully paid maternity leave of at least 14 weeks, which can start eight weeks before their expected due date by providing a medical certificate issued by a competent medical authority. The pregnant employee is entitled to take the remaining days of the leave after the delivery, provided that the period of this leave after the delivery is not less than six weeks.

Maternity benefits are provided by the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs and amount to 100% of an insured worker's earnings provided in addition to a lump sum maternity grant of one month for each year of contributions.

A competent medical authority may extend the leave for up to nine months in the case of a difficult childbirth, the birth of more than one child, or in the event of pre or post-natal complications. At the end of her maternity leave, the working mother must be able to go back to the same position or to be employed in a similar position with the same wage.

Working Hours

Iraq's Labor Law defines working hours as the time during which the employee is at the disposal of the employer engaging them, excluding meal periods. The law stipulates that normal working hours cannot exceed eight daily or 48 weekly, subject to some exceptions. For work performed over 2 shifts and intermittent work, the employee must not be present at the workplace for more than 10 hours, provided the number of actual working hours does not exceed eight per day. Working hours may not exceed 7 hours per shift for night work or 7.5 hours for mixed-schedule work. Working hours for employees under 16 cannot exceed 7 hours per day.

In exceptional cases, employees and employer associations may agree to increase the daily working hours for a specified period, provided the average number of weekly working hours does not exceed 48 hours.

The number of working hours per day shall be reduced for work that is arduous or harmful to health. Whether work is of such a nature and the maximum number of working hours shall be determined by the Minister's instructions upon the National Center for Occupational Health and Safety's proposals.

Maternity Leave

Iraq's Labor Law entitles pregnant employees to a fully paid maternity leave of at least 14 weeks, which can start eight weeks before their expected due date by providing a medical certificate issued by a competent medical authority. The pregnant employee is entitled to take the remaining days of the leave after the delivery, provided that the period of this leave after the delivery is not less than six weeks.

Maternity benefits are provided by the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs and amount to 100% of an insured worker's earnings provided in addition to a lump sum maternity grant of one month for each year of contributions.

A competent medical authority may extend the leave for up to nine months in the case of a difficult childbirth, the birth of more than one child, or in the event of pre or post-natal complications. At the end of her maternity leave, the working mother must be able to go back to the same position or to be employed in a similar position with the same wage.

Minimum Wage

Iraq's minimum wage, which was most recently raised in November 2022, is set at IQD 450,000 (Iraqi dinar) per month. The minimum wage is set separately in the autonomous Iraqi Kurdistan region. The minimum wage in Iraqi Kurdistan is IQD 280,000. 

Salary must be paid weekly for employees hired by the day or week, and monthly for other employees. The maximum delay allowed in the payment of wages is 5 days.   

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Iraq.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Iraq.