Hong Kong

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Hong Kong. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

An employee or an employer can terminate the employment contract by giving notice to the other party verbally or in writing. The length of the notice period is as follows:

  • For employment contracts renewable from month to month, the notice period is to be at least 1 month.
  • In other cases, the notice period would be the one that is agreed to in the employment contract (cannot be under 7 days).

Employment contract can be terminated without giving notice by making a payment equal to the wages for the number of days of notice agreed upon.

An employer can summarily dismiss an employee without notice or payment in lieu of notice in case of gross misconduct. However, an employee taking part in a strike is not a lawful ground for an employer to terminate the contract without notice or payment in lieu.

Work Permits

Short-term visitors are permitted to conduct business negotiations and sign contracts while on a visitor’s visa or entry permit. Eligibility requirements to apply for a work permit include:

  • The applicant has no known record of serious crime in the past.
  • The applicant has a sufficient educational background, usually a degree in the relevant field, but in special circumstances, proper technical qualifications, proven professional abilities, and/or relevant experience and achievements supported by documentary evidence may also be accepted.
  • There is a genuine employment vacancy for the applicant to fill.
  • The applicant has a confirmed employment offer and is hired for a job relevant to their academic qualifications or work experience that cannot be readily taken up by the local workforce.
  • The remuneration package (income, accommodation, medical, and other fringe benefits) is broadly commensurate with the prevailing market level for professionals in Hong Kong.

The work permit is issued for a year and is renewable. 

Paid Annual Leave

Female employees who have been working under a continuous contract immediately before the commencement of the maternity leave and have given notice of pregnancy (and the upcoming maternity leave) to the employer, are entitled to the following periods of leave:

  • A continuous period of 14 weeks' maternity leave
  • If delivery occurs past the expected date, the number of days from the day after the expected delivery date to the actual date of delivery is added
  • An additional period of leave for up to 4 weeks on the grounds of illness or disability due to pregnancy or birth

Maternity leave is paid for 14 weeks on the typical payday of the employee. The daily rate of maternity leave benefit is a sum equivalent to 80% of the average daily wages earned by an employee in the 12 months preceding the first day of maternity leave, subject to a cap of HKD 80,000 (Hong Kong dollars). For employment under 12 months, the calculation shall be based on a shorter period.

Working Hours

The labor code of Hong Kong does not define standard working hours. An employee who has worked for at least 18 hours per week for 4 weeks for the same employer is considered to be employed under a continuous employment contract. The law does limit the number of working hours to 8 hours per day and 48 hours per week for young persons between the age of 15 and 18 years.

An employee under a continuous employment contract is entitled to at least 1 rest day every 7 days. A rest day is defined as a continuous period of at least 24 hours during which an employee is entitled to abstain from working.

Maternity Leave

Female employees who have been working under a continuous contract immediately before the commencement of the maternity leave and have given notice of pregnancy (and the upcoming maternity leave) to the employer, are entitled to the following periods of leave:

  • A continuous period of 14 weeks' maternity leave
  • If delivery occurs past the expected date, the number of days from the day after the expected delivery date to the actual date of delivery is added
  • An additional period of leave for up to 4 weeks on the grounds of illness or disability due to pregnancy or birth

Maternity leave is paid for 14 weeks on the typical payday of the employee. The daily rate of maternity leave benefit is a sum equivalent to 80% of the average daily wages earned by an employee in the 12 months preceding the first day of maternity leave, subject to a cap of HKD 80,000 (Hong Kong dollars). For employment under 12 months, the calculation shall be based on a shorter period.

Minimum Wage

The statutory minimum wage rate is HKD 40 (Hong Kong dollars) per hour (effective May 1, 2023).

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Hong Kong.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Hong Kong.