Haiti

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Haiti. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

Mandatory notice for dismissal or termination of the employment contract is required under the Labor Code of Haiti. Except for circumstances related to fair and necessary immediate dismissal, employers and employees must give written notice of the intent to end the contract or give it verbally with two witnesses present. Written notice of dismissal must be used for written agreements, and verbal notice may be used for verbal agreements, though it is ideal to have the information in writing in both circumstances. The length of the notice depends on the employee’s term of service to the company:

  • 15 days notice for employees with tenure of three to 12 months
  • One month of notice for employees with tenure of one to three years
  • Two months of notice for employees with tenure of three to six years
  • Three months of notice for employees with tenure of six to ten years 
  • Four months notice for employees with tenure over ten years

Work Permits

Foreign nationals who wish to work on Haitian territory must possess either a work permit (for foreigners who practice a trade or profession) or an employment permit (for work intended for ordinary employees).

These documents are issued by the Directorate of Manpower (DMO) of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor (MAST). The permits can not exceed one year and may be renewed with the approval of the DMO in the following manner:

  • Up to five years for employment permits
  • Indefinitely for work permits

Paid Annual Leave

Pregnant employees in Haiti are entitled to 12 weeks of paid maternity leave upon the production of a medical certificate stating the anticipated delivery date. Women are required to take leave of six weeks after the birth of the child and six weeks before the birth of the child when the circumstances permit it. If the employee cannot take all six weeks before the delivery, she may use that time after the birth of her child.

Maternity leave is paid for by the Office of Insurance for Work Accidents, Sickness, and Maternity Leave.

Working Hours

The Labor Code of Haiti defines normal working hours as eight hours per day and 48 hours per week. For industrial businesses, regular daily hours of work are nine per day, and for commercial establishments and offices, standard working hours can be up to ten hours per day. The Labor Code allows for the work to be divided up differently based on business needs as long as the regular weekly working hours do not exceed 48.

Maternity Leave

Pregnant employees in Haiti are entitled to 12 weeks of paid maternity leave upon the production of a medical certificate stating the anticipated delivery date. Women are required to take leave of six weeks after the birth of the child and six weeks before the birth of the child when the circumstances permit it. If the employee cannot take all six weeks before the delivery, she may use that time after the birth of her child.

Maternity leave is paid for by the Office of Insurance for Work Accidents, Sickness, and Maternity Leave.

Minimum Wage

In Haiti, the Ministry of Social Affairs determines the minimum wage. The daily minimum wages, effective February 20, 2022, represent a range based on an industry type. There are seven types (segments), and depending on the segment, the daily minimum wage may range from HTG 350 (Haitian gourdes) for domestic personnel in Segment E to HTG 770 for professions represented in Segment A that include jewelry stores, doctor's offices, and telecommunications.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Haiti.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Haiti.