Greece

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Greece. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

According to Greek labor law, the first 12 months of an indefinite employment agreement, counted from the date on which the agreement comes into force, are considered to be a probationary period. During this period, either party may terminate the employment relationship without notice and without severance pay, unless otherwise agreed by the parties.

After the first 12 months, the employer must give the following notice period before the termination of the employment contract:

  • One month's notice period to employees paid monthly with one year to two years of service
  • Two months' notice period to those with two to five years of service
  • Three months' notice period to those with five to ten years of service
  • Four months' notice period to those with more than ten years of service

An employer who gives an employee written notice according to the above pays only half of the statutory severance pay due to the dismissed employee.

A notice period is not required for fixed-term contracts.

Work Permits

Foreign nationals who wish to work in Greece are required to obtain a residence permit for work and a work visa. The foreign national must submit the contract of employment, showing that their remuneration is at least equal to the minimum wage in Greece. The residence permit is issued for three years at a time. It can be renewed for two or three years if the following conditions are met:

  • Fulfillment of tax obligations
  • Existence of health booklet in force by the relevant insurance institution
  • Minimum wage insurance

Paid Annual Leave

According to Greek labor law, the duration of maternity leave is set at 17 weeks for private-sector employees. Of this 17 week period, 8 weeks must be granted to the worker before confinement and 9 weeks after confinement. If the worker gives birth prematurely, the remaining maternity leave is to be granted after confinement, so that the maternity leave amounts to a total of 17 weeks.

During maternity leave, employees are paid 100% of earnings by the state social insurance fund, up to a cap set by the social insurance fund. To receive full maternity benefits, the mother must have worked 200 working days during the previous 2 years. After the basic maternity leave, mothers are entitled to another special leave of 6 months, during which time the state will provide a benefit equal to the statutory minimum wage.

Working Hours

Greece's legal weekly working hours were set at 45 hours on a 5-day work week and 48 hours on a 6-day working week system. The legal daily hours were set at 9 hours, while during the 6-day period, it remained at 8 hours. Employees working greater than this number of hours are eligible for overtime. Including overtime, an employee's working hours must not exceed 45 hours per week for employees on a 5-day workweek and 48 hours per week for employees on a 6-day workweek. The weekly working time of the employees may not exceed 48 hours on average over 4 months, including overtime. Minors below the age of 16 years, or minors who are still at school, cannot be employed for more than 6 hours per day or 30 hours a week. Persons between the ages of 16 and 17 cannot work for more than 8 hours per day or 40 hours per week.

The minimum rest period in any 24-hour period must be at least 11 uninterrupted hours. Employees are, per each 7-day period, entitled to a minimum uninterrupted rest period of 24 hours.

Telework must be agreed upon between employer and employee upon hiring or by amending the employment contract. Telework can also apply for reasons of public health protection or upon the employee's request in the event of a documented risk to their health.

Maternity Leave

According to Greek labor law, the duration of maternity leave is set at 17 weeks for private-sector employees. Of this 17 week period, 8 weeks must be granted to the worker before confinement and 9 weeks after confinement. If the worker gives birth prematurely, the remaining maternity leave is to be granted after confinement, so that the maternity leave amounts to a total of 17 weeks.

During maternity leave, employees are paid 100% of earnings by the state social insurance fund, up to a cap set by the social insurance fund. To receive full maternity benefits, the mother must have worked 200 working days during the previous 2 years. After the basic maternity leave, mothers are entitled to another special leave of 6 months, during which time the state will provide a benefit equal to the statutory minimum wage.

Minimum Wage

Effective April 1, 2024, the minimum wage in Greece is EUR 830 per month for white-collar workers and EUR 37.07 per day for blue-collar workers.

The law states that salary must be paid at regular intervals, determined by individual employment contracts. 

 

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Greece.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Greece.