Ghana

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Ghana. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

In Ghana, a contract of employment may be terminated for several reasons, which are listed in the Ghanaian Labor Act. The notice length depends on the type of contract:

  • In the case of a contract of three years or more - one month’s notice or one month’s pay in lieu of notice
  • In the case of a contract of under three years - two weeks’ notice or two weeks’ pay in lieu of notice
  • In the case of an agreement from week to week - seven days’ notice
  • At the close of any day without notice, for at-will employment contracts

Notices are required to be given in writing and must stipulate the date of issue. In cases of collective agreements with terms more beneficial to the employee, the collective agreement prevails. The length of notice of termination required to be given in the case of a person with disability must not be shorter than one month.

Work Permits

Foreign nationals wishing to work in Ghana must have a work permit. Applications are submitted via the Ghana Immigration Service. 

A work permit issued to foreign nationals must specify the employer, as well as the period for which they may occupy a particular post. The holder may not, without the consent in writing of the authorities, engage in any other form of paid employment or any business or professional occupation in Ghana.

A foreign national who has been granted a work permit or immigrant quota cannot start working in Ghana immediately unless they are granted a residence permit by the Director of Immigration to remain and work in the country. Residence permits may be issued for up four years, with an option for a  subsequent extension for another four years.

Paid Annual Leave

Female employees are entitled to 12 weeks of maternity leave with full pay if they provide a certificate issued by a medical practitioner or midwife, indicating the expected date of delivery. The leave can be extended by two additional weeks in case of birth complications, or the birth of two or more babies.

Under the Labour Act of Ghana, workers on maternity leave are entitled to remuneration of their full wages (paid by the employer) as well as other prearranged benefits, during the 12-week (84-day) period.

Working Hours

The labor law dictates that the standard working time is eight hours per day or 40 hours per week. However, an organization may prescribe the hours of work differently, subject to the following:

  • Where shorter hours of work are fixed for particular days, other days may compensate proportionately, but not exceeding nine hours a day, or a total of 40 hours a week.
  • Where longer hours of work are fixed for particular days, the average number of work hours over a period of four weeks must not exceed eight hours a day or 40 hours per week.
  • A seasonal employee may work for ten hours per day, provided that average working hours during the year do not exceed eight hours a day.

Maternity Leave

Female employees are entitled to 12 weeks of maternity leave with full pay if they provide a certificate issued by a medical practitioner or midwife, indicating the expected date of delivery. The leave can be extended by two additional weeks in case of birth complications, or the birth of two or more babies.

Under the Labour Act of Ghana, workers on maternity leave are entitled to remuneration of their full wages (paid by the employer) as well as other prearranged benefits, during the 12-week (84-day) period.

Minimum Wage

Effective January 1, 2024, the national daily minimum wage in Ghana is GHS 18.15 (Ghanaian cedis), a 22 % increase over the 2023 national daily minimum wage of GHS 14.88. The new minimum wage was announced by Ghana's National Tripartite Committee on November 13, 2023.

Monthly minimum wage figures are calculated as daily minimum wage times 27 days. The daily minimum wage is set for all workers (except the Armed Forces, the Prison Service, the Security and Intelligence Agencies, and the Police Service) by the National Tripartite Committee led by the Minister for Employment & Social Welfare. This rate applies to all of Ghana, apart from free trade zones, where employers may freely negotiate and establish employment contracts, including wage levels, that are consistent with ILO conventions. 

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Ghana.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Ghana.