Gambia

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Gambia. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

Indefinite term employment contracts can be terminated by giving a notice by either party. The duration of notice depends on the frequency of wage payment and how long the employee has been continuously employed, ranging from 1 day to 2 months. Employment contracts can determine longer notice periods that provided by the law. However, contracts that are made with shorter notice periods than those provided by the law are null and void. Contracts can be terminated by making a payment in lieu of the notice.

In case of redundancy due to economic, organizational, climatic or technical reasons, minimum notice period is 6 months. The minimum notice period for terminating a fixed-term contract before its expiry is 14 days. 

Work Permits

Gambia grants 2 types of residential permits for employment. Foreign employees are not allowed to change jobs or conduct other business while in Gambia.

  • Residential Permit B is used by citizens of ECOWAS and other foreign nationals who are working in Gambia in skilled employment and companies. They must submit a valid employment contract.
  • Residential Permit C is issued to unskilled workers from ECOWAS countries and small traders upon submitting a valid employment contract. 

All resident permits are valid till January 31, following the date of issue of the permit, and have to be renewed annually. Nationals coming from Mauritania, the Republic of Guinea, Mali, or Senegal are exempt from having to apply for the residential permit.

Paid Annual Leave

Gambia grants paid maternity leave to all female employees who have been continuously employed for at least 2 years with the same employer or whose service has been interrupted by 1 or more periods not exceeding 7 months and who have worked for a total of at least 18 months with the same employer. Maternity leave is for 12 weeks with pay - 6 weeks before the expected date of delivery and 6 weeks after. Employees must give a notice to their employers of their wish to return to work after the leave. Employees must be placed in the same job with same benefits and entitlements as before.

Any dismissal for the reason of pregnancy or having taken maternity leave is unfair and employers can be penalized for the same. 

Working Hours

There are no statutory guidelines on working hours in Gambia. Provisions on working hours must be included in the employment contract. 

Maternity Leave

Gambia grants paid maternity leave to all female employees who have been continuously employed for at least 2 years with the same employer or whose service has been interrupted by 1 or more periods not exceeding 7 months and who have worked for a total of at least 18 months with the same employer. Maternity leave is for 12 weeks with pay - 6 weeks before the expected date of delivery and 6 weeks after. Employees must give a notice to their employers of their wish to return to work after the leave. Employees must be placed in the same job with same benefits and entitlements as before.

Any dismissal for the reason of pregnancy or having taken maternity leave is unfair and employers can be penalized for the same. 

Minimum Wage

Gambia has a government-mandated national minimum wage worth GMD 50 per day for the formal sector. Minimum wages and working hours are established by law through 6 joint industrial councils: commerce, artisans, transport, port operations, agriculture, and fisheries. 

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Gambia.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Gambia.