Egypt

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Egypt. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

An employment contract can be terminated by the employer under the following circumstances:

  • With a notice period of 2 months if the employee has worked for less than 10 years for the same employer
  • With a notice period of 3 months if the employee has worked for more than 10 years for the same employer
  • Without notice in case of grave mistakes

Employees have the right to be absent for one day (eight hours) per week during the notice period to allow them to look for another job.

If an employer terminates a contract without notice or before the expiry of the notice, they must pay the employee an amount equal to their wages for the period of notice or remaining part. 
 

Work Permits

With exceptions for specific work categories, the labor code requires foreign nationals who wish to work in Egypt to obtain a work permit through the Ministry of Manpower and Training Office. The work permit is issued within 48 hours after the application is approved. It is valid for one year and can be renewed for a fee.

The law limits the number of foreign workers in any organization to 10% of the total workforce. The employer must register foreign employees with the Directorate of Manpower and Immigration and notify the agency of specific details such as their personal data, job requirements, as well as qualifications for the job.

Paid Annual Leave

The Egyptian Labour Law provides female employees who have spent ten months in the service of their employer the right to a maternity leave of 90 days, with full compensation. Leave is compulsory for 45 days after childbirth. An employee is required to submit a medical certificate indicating the expected date of delivery.

Employees are entitled to maternity leave only twice during their period of service with the employer.

An employer is prohibited from terminating a female worker during her maternity leave. 

Working Hours

In Egypt, the Labor Law stipulates that the standard working hours are 48 hours a week or 8 hours a day. This does not include the time given to an employee for meals and rest. Hours worked beyond 48 a week and 8 hours a day are considered overtime. The total working hours, including overtime, cannot exceed 10 hours a day, and employees cannot be at the workplace for more than 12 hours per day (10 working hours + 2 non-working hours). The period between the start of a work period and its end must not be spread over more than 12 hours.  

Maternity Leave

The Egyptian Labour Law provides female employees who have spent ten months in the service of their employer the right to a maternity leave of 90 days, with full compensation. Leave is compulsory for 45 days after childbirth. An employee is required to submit a medical certificate indicating the expected date of delivery.

Employees are entitled to maternity leave only twice during their period of service with the employer.

An employer is prohibited from terminating a female worker during her maternity leave. 

Minimum Wage

Effective January 1, 2024, Egypt mandated its first minimum wage for private sector employees of EGP 3,500 (Egyptian pounds) per month. The national minimum wage for public sector workers also was raised to EGP 4,000 per month.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Egypt.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Egypt.