Czech Republic

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Czech Republic. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

Czech Labor Code states that the minimum notice for dismissal must be at least 2 months. It is same for both employers and employees and can be extended only by written agreement. Notice period takes effect on the first day of the calendar month following service of the notice and ends on the last day of the relevant calendar month. Notice of termination with respect to an employment relationship must be in writing and state the reason for termination.

For fixed-term employment, the contract expires at the end of the agreed period. However, the employer is required to provide notice of the termination at least 3 days before the event. If the employee continues working after the agreed period, and the employer is aware of the performance of the work, the employment relationship becomes indefinite.

Work Permits

An employee card is a permit for long-time residence in the territory of the Czech Republic, issued where the purpose of the foreign national’s stay (longer than three months) is employment. A foreign national who has an employee card is entitled:

  • To reside in the territory of the Czech Republic and, at the same time,
  • To work in the job for which the employee card was granted, or
  • To work in the job for which the Department for Asylum and Migration Policy of the Ministry of the Interior granted consent (in connection with changing employer, changing job, taking up employment with an additional employer or in an additional job).

An employee card can be issued to a foreign national for the duration of the employer-employee relationship according to the submitted documents (for example, a contract of employment) for up to two years, with an option of repeated extension of its validity.

The foreign national must request the Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic to grant consent with a change of a job position if they are assigned by a job agency to perform work for a different employer (user) and perform different work or to work at the different establishment than the one the existing employee card was issued for.

Paid Annual Leave

In the Czech Republic, a female employee's maternity leave begins at the sixth week before the expected childbirth (the earliest it can start is at 8 weeks before the expected delivery).

An employee is entitled to 28 weeks of maternity leave. If she gave birth to 2 or more children at the same time, she is eligible for 37 weeks of maternity leave.

The Czech Health Insurance Fund funds maternity benefits. An employee must participate in insurance for at least 270 calendar days over the last 2 years before they take maternity leave to receive financial assistance from the fund. 

Working Hours

The standard workweek is 40 hours. The length of a shift may not exceed 12 hours. After continuous work for 6 hours at the utmost, employees are entitled to a work break for a meal and rest lasting at least 30 minutes; an adolescent employee must be given a such break after a maximum of 4.5 hours of continuous work.

Employers are required to draw up a written weekly work schedule and inform employees of the schedule or its alteration at the latest 2 weeks before the beginning of the period over which the working hours are distributed.

Maternity Leave

In the Czech Republic, a female employee's maternity leave begins at the sixth week before the expected childbirth (the earliest it can start is at 8 weeks before the expected delivery).

An employee is entitled to 28 weeks of maternity leave. If she gave birth to 2 or more children at the same time, she is eligible for 37 weeks of maternity leave.

The Czech Health Insurance Fund funds maternity benefits. An employee must participate in insurance for at least 270 calendar days over the last 2 years before they take maternity leave to receive financial assistance from the fund. 

Minimum Wage

For the year 2024, the minimum wage base rate is CZK 18,900 (Czech korunas) per month or CZK 112.50 per hour. For many employees, the guaranteed salary applies, which is higher than the minimum wage. These guaranteed wages are graded according to the complexity, responsibility, and labor intensity of work.

The Labour Code requires that wages be paid after work is performed, at the latest in the calendar month following the month when the employee is entitled to them. On termination of employment, the employer must pay the employee on the next regular payday after the end of the employment.

 

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Czech Republic.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Czech Republic.