Cameroon

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Cameroon. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

The duration of the notice period depends on the seniority and professional classification of the employee. It is broken down into categories listed below (unless a collective labor agreement stipulates a longer duration)

  • Category I to VI (all household employees): service under 1 year (15 days), between 1 and 5 years (1 month), more than 5 years (2 months)
  • Category VII to IX: service of less than 1 year (1 month), between 1 and 5 years (2 months), more than 5 years (3 months)
  • Category X to XII: less than 1 year (1 month), between 1 and 5 years (3 months), more than 5 years (4 months)

Work Permits

The law in Cameroon requires foreign nationals to obtain a work permit before starting a paid activity in the country. The application has to be submitted to the Ministry of Labor and Social Security. A work permit is issued for 2 years and is renewable indefinitely.

Paid Annual Leave

The labor law of Cameroon provides maternity leave of 14 weeks to pregnant employees. It starts 4 weeks before the expected date of delivery. The leave can be extended by 6 weeks in case of medical complications. The employee is entitled to an allowance equal to her salary for the duration of the leave funded by the National Social Insurance Fund.  

A pregnant employee may terminate her employment contract without notice and without being obliged to pay any compensation to the employer. An employer is prohibited from dismissing an employee during her maternity leave.

Working Hours

In Cameroon, the labor law indicates that the standard workweek is 40 hours. However, standard working hours may vary for different occupations. Employees working more hours than what is considered standard for their profession are eligible for overtime benefits.

Maternity Leave

The labor law of Cameroon provides maternity leave of 14 weeks to pregnant employees. It starts 4 weeks before the expected date of delivery. The leave can be extended by 6 weeks in case of medical complications. The employee is entitled to an allowance equal to her salary for the duration of the leave funded by the National Social Insurance Fund.  

A pregnant employee may terminate her employment contract without notice and without being obliged to pay any compensation to the employer. An employer is prohibited from dismissing an employee during her maternity leave.

Minimum Wage

  • According to the Labor Code of Cameroon, the National Labor Advisory Board sets the minimum wage in the country. The Interprofessional Guaranteed Minimum Wage (SMIG) is currently set at XAF 43,969 (Central African CFA francs) per month.

Wages must be paid at least once a month, except when allowed by law in certain trades and occupations. Employees can request a shorter payment period of 15 days. Wages must be paid no later than the eighth day of the month following the end of the month in which they were due.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Cameroon.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Cameroon.