Cambodia

< View all countries

Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Cambodia. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

For permanent employment contracts, the minimum notice period ranges from 7 days to 3 months, depending on the length of service. Notice period is not required for termination during probation or due to gross misconduct. During notice period, employees have a right to 2 fully paid days, at regular rates, per week to look for a new job.

For fixed-term contracts between 6 months and 1 year, the employer must give notice at least 10 days prior to the expiration date. If a fixed-term agreement is over 1 year, the organization must give notice at least 15 days before the expiration date. Failure to provide prior notice to the employee will result in the renewal of the fixed-term agreement for a duration equal to the original contract.

Work Permits

Employers who wish to hire foreign employees must first get approval from the Department of Employment and Manpower. After receiving written permission to use a foreign workforce, the employer must apply for a work permit and an employment card for the foreign employees no later than March of each year.

Foreigners nationals who want to work in Cambodia must hold the following documents:

  • A work permit that is issued by the Ministry of Labour (valid for one calendar year and renewable indefinitely); the approved employee also receives a workbook and an employment card.
  • A valid passport, visa, and a residence permit (obtained at the employee’s local Sangkat office)
  • A health certificate issued by the Ministry of Labour or Health Department, verifying that the individual does not have any contagious diseases and is physically fit for a particular job

The use of a foreign workforce may not exceed 10% of the total number of employees. In special cases, where the employer requires more than 10%, specific reasons must be indicated in the application letter.

Paid Annual Leave

Female employees in Cambodia are entitled to a maternity leave of 90 days, with 50% of their wages paid by their employer. There is no restriction on whether the leave must start before or after childbirth.

It is prohibited to lay off women in the workforce during their maternity leave or at a date when the end of the notice period would coincide with the maternity leave. During leave, female employees are entitled to 50% of their wages, including perquisites, paid by the employer, as well as any other benefits in kind they were entitled to. 

Working Hours

Employees are required to work for a maximum of 8 hours per day, 48 hours per week, with 1 rest day per week. It is prohibited to employ a person for more than 6 days in a week. Working hours cannot exceed 10 hours per day in case of overtime.

Employers can divide a work schedule into 3 shifts (morning, afternoon, and night) with each shift not exceeding the maximum of 8 hours daily. An employee can work for more than 1 shift per day provided that the duration of all daily work shifts does not exceed the total mandated number of working hours per day. 

Maternity Leave

Female employees in Cambodia are entitled to a maternity leave of 90 days, with 50% of their wages paid by their employer. There is no restriction on whether the leave must start before or after childbirth.

It is prohibited to lay off women in the workforce during their maternity leave or at a date when the end of the notice period would coincide with the maternity leave. During leave, female employees are entitled to 50% of their wages, including perquisites, paid by the employer, as well as any other benefits in kind they were entitled to. 

Minimum Wage

According to the Cambodian Labor Code, all employees are entitled to receive wages that are at least equal to the guaranteed minimum wage. Effective January 1, 2023, the Government of Cambodia has set a minimum monthly salary for the country's textile, garment and footwear and travel products and travel products industries at USD 200 per month, and for probationary employees at USD 198 per month. Minimum wage will increase to USD 204 per month from January 1, 2024 and USD 202 per month for probationary employees. 

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Cambodia.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Cambodia.