Bulgaria

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Bulgaria. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

The minimum notice period for dismissal is 30 days in the case of indefinite term employment contracts (the notice period cannot exceed three months). For fixed-term contracts, the notice period is 3 months but not more than the remainder of the contract term. The notice period must be confirmed in writing. Employment contracts can be terminated without notice in case of misconduct, falsification of identity/qualification, medical reasons, etc.

If a contract is terminated before the expiry of the notice period or without a notice period, the initiating party will be responsible for paying the other party for the remaining notice period.

Work Permits

Foreign nationals wishing to work in Bulgaria are required to obtain a work permit from the Employment Agency in Bulgaria. A work permit is issued for a maximum of 1 year. It can be renewed for further terms of 1 year, provided the conditions for initial issuance are still valid. The maximum term is 3 years. Employees must submit documents for identification, an employment contract, their educational qualifications, etc. 

Managers, members of a Board of Directors, and employees on short-term projects for 3 months do not require a work permit. 

Paid Annual Leave

The Labour Code of Bulgaria provides a maternity leave of 410 days for each child, 45 days of which are to be taken before delivery. The employee can use the remaining 410 days based on a written request submitted to the employer. If a child is stillborn or dies while in full-time infant state support or adoption, the mother has the right to leave for 42 days from birth. With the mother's consent, after the child has reached the age of six months, the father may use the remaining leave until 410 days instead of her. 

Working Hours

The standard workweek is 40 hours or 8 hours per day. For employees working in risky work environments or employees under 18 years of age, the daily working hours are reduced by 1 hour.

An employer can extend working hours on some working days for business reasons by giving a written order. Employees can then be compensated through a respective reduction of the workday duration on other days. The duration of extended working hours cannot exceed 10 hours a day. 

Maternity Leave

The Labour Code of Bulgaria provides a maternity leave of 410 days for each child, 45 days of which are to be taken before delivery. The employee can use the remaining 410 days based on a written request submitted to the employer. If a child is stillborn or dies while in full-time infant state support or adoption, the mother has the right to leave for 42 days from birth. With the mother's consent, after the child has reached the age of six months, the father may use the remaining leave until 410 days instead of her. 

Minimum Wage

In Bulgaria, the minimum wage is set by the Council of Ministers. Effective January 1, 2024, the minimum wage is BGN 933 (Bulgarian lev) per month. 

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Bulgaria.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Bulgaria.