Benin

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Benin. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

The Labor Code of Benin states that if a contract of employment is being terminated, notice must be given as follows by the party who initiates it:

  • 15 days for workers paid by the hour
  • 1 month for other employees and workers
  • 3 months for supervisors and managers

Employees can be dismissed without notice in case of gross misconduct. Employees who are dismissed without notice for valid reasons are entitled to receive their remuneration including benefits in kind for the duration of notice.

Work Permits

According to the labor laws of Benin, a visa agreement with a foreign worker or immigrant is subject to the submission of a work permit issued by the Minister of Labor. The work permit is temporary,  is valid for 12 months, and can be renewed several times. It must be presented by foreign workers when employed. A work permit can be denied, or its renewal can be refused when the professional qualification of the employee does not meet the needs of the national economy.

Paid Annual Leave

Female employees are entitled to 14 weeks of maternity leave with full pay 6 weeks before and eight weeks after childbirth. It can be extended by 4 weeks in the case of a duly diagnosed illness resulting either from pregnancy or from birth.

All employed women and spouses of employed men are entitled to prenatal allowance and childbirth allowance paid by the National Social Security Fund of Benin.

Employers cannot dismiss pregnant employees, except for gross misconduct and under circumstances in which it is impossible to maintain the contract. Any dismissal in violation of this rule will lead to damages worth 12 months' salary to be paid to the employee.

Working Hours

The maximum working time is 40 hours per week, with the exception of agriculture, where the legal limit is 2,400 hours per year. Workers employed for only part of the year may not work more than 50 hours per week.

Maternity Leave

Female employees are entitled to 14 weeks of maternity leave with full pay 6 weeks before and eight weeks after childbirth. It can be extended by 4 weeks in the case of a duly diagnosed illness resulting either from pregnancy or from birth.

All employed women and spouses of employed men are entitled to prenatal allowance and childbirth allowance paid by the National Social Security Fund of Benin.

Employers cannot dismiss pregnant employees, except for gross misconduct and under circumstances in which it is impossible to maintain the contract. Any dismissal in violation of this rule will lead to damages worth 12 months' salary to be paid to the employee.

Minimum Wage

In Benin, the Council of Ministers revises the minimum wage by decree every three years or as needed. 

As of January 2023, the national minimum wage is 52,000 West African francs (XOF) for employees in the private sector.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Benin.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Benin.