Bahamas

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Bahamas. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

When an employee (of at least 1-year tenure) is dismissed because of redundancy, the following notice periods must be observed:

  • 2 weeks or 2 weeks' basic pay in lieu of notice if the employee has been employed for more than 12 months
  • If the employee holds a supervisory or managerial position - 1 month or 1 month's basic pay in lieu of notice

In case of dismissal due to causes other than redundancy, the following notice period must be observed:

  • 1 week or 1 week pay in lieu of notice if the employee has been employed for more than 6 months or more but less than 12 months
  • 2 weeks or 2 weeks pay in lieu of notice if the employee has been employed for more than 12 months
  • 2 weeks’ notice if the employee has been employed for one year or more but less than 2 years.
  • 4 weeks’ notice if the employee has been employed for more than 2 years.
  • If the employee holds a supervisory or managerial position - 1 month or 1 month's pay in lieu of notice

Work Permits

Foreign nationals who wish to work in the Bahamas for more than 90 days are required to obtain a work permit with the following documents (not a full list):

  • A letter of request from the prospective employer stating reasons for the application, the position and the period of time required
  • A police certificate of character covering five years residence in the Bahamas
  • A medical certificate dated not more than 30 days prior to the submission of the application
  • Written references from previous employers (up to two)
  • A certificate from the Department of Labour, with Notification of Vacancy attached, indicating that a Bahamian is not available to fill the position.

For short-term work lasting less than 90 days, a short-term work permit (also with application requirements) is required.

For foreign nationals wishing to work remotely for a foreign company, a visa program named BEATS grants a residence and work permit for 12 months. The cost of this program is BSD 1,025 and can be renewed annually.

Paid Annual Leave

The Bahamian Employment Act entitles female employees to 12 weeks of maternity leave. The leave must begin at least 1 week before the date of delivery and last for at least 8 weeks after. The employee is required to submit a certificate issued by a medical practitioner or midwife setting forth her expected delivery date.

Maternity Benefit is a payment made from the National Insurance Board of the Bahamas weekly to eligible insured women while they remain at home during late pregnancy and delivery. The benefit is paid at a weekly rate of 66.66% of the woman’s average insured income, with a range of BSD 66.42 (Bahamian dollars) per week as a minimum payment, and BSD 333.30 per week as a maximum payment.

During the employee's maternity leave, the employer must pay the mother a minimum sum equivalent to 33.33% of that portion of her wages which does not exceed the National Insurance ceiling on insurable wages (BSD 333.30 per week). A woman on maternity leave may not receive payment from her employer more than once every 3 years.

Working Hours

In the Bahamas, the Employment Act indicates that the standard workweek is 40 hours (8 hours per day). Minors under 18 years of age cannot be employed for more than 24 hours in a school week or 40 hours in a non school week.

In every 7-day period, an employer must allow each employee at least 48 hours of rest with not less than 24 of such hours being consecutive. 

Maternity Leave

The Bahamian Employment Act entitles female employees to 12 weeks of maternity leave. The leave must begin at least 1 week before the date of delivery and last for at least 8 weeks after. The employee is required to submit a certificate issued by a medical practitioner or midwife setting forth her expected delivery date.

Maternity Benefit is a payment made from the National Insurance Board of the Bahamas weekly to eligible insured women while they remain at home during late pregnancy and delivery. The benefit is paid at a weekly rate of 66.66% of the woman’s average insured income, with a range of BSD 66.42 (Bahamian dollars) per week as a minimum payment, and BSD 333.30 per week as a maximum payment.

During the employee's maternity leave, the employer must pay the mother a minimum sum equivalent to 33.33% of that portion of her wages which does not exceed the National Insurance ceiling on insurable wages (BSD 333.30 per week). A woman on maternity leave may not receive payment from her employer more than once every 3 years.

Minimum Wage

The minimum wage is BSD 260 (Bahamian dollars) per week beginning January 2023.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Bahamas.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Bahamas.