Austria

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Austria. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

The length of termination notice periods that an employer must abide by prior to terminating an employee is generally proportionate to the length of employment and can range from 1 day (casual workers) to 5 months. The notice period also takes into account the status of the worker (blue-collar worker or white-collar employee). Employees can terminate their contracts by giving a month's notice. Employees with lifetime contracts or contracts with a fixed period greater than 5 years may terminate their contract by giving 6 months' notice after more than 5 years of service. 

Work Permits

Foreign nationals from countries outside the EU who wish to live and work within Austria must apply for a Red-White-Red Card. Workers from EU countries are able to apply for a similar card, the EU Blue Card. Both cards grant temporary residence and the right to work for a single employer over a 2-year period but are governed by a different set of rules.

Third country citizens can be granted an EU Blue Card, if they: 

  • Have completed a course of study at a university or other tertiary educational institution with a minimum duration of 3 years
  • Have received a binding job offer for at least 1 year in Austria and the employment corresponds to your education
  • Will earn a gross annual income of at least the average gross annual income of full-time employees (in 2023: at least EUR 45,595 annual salary plus special payments)
  • The labor market test (Arbeitsmarktprüfung) shows that there is no equally qualified worker registered as a jobseeker with the Public Employment Service (AMS) available for the job

Employees with EU Blue Card or  Red-White-Red Card who have worked for at least 21 months  during the preceding 24 months are eligible for Red-White-Red Card Plus. This card allows them fixed-term settlement and unlimited labor market access (as a self-employed or an employed person, not limited to a specific employer).

 

Paid Annual Leave

Generally, maternity leave lasts 16 weeks: 8 weeks can be prior to birth and 8 weeks after. Although the postnatal period is set at 8 weeks, it may be extended to 12 weeks in the case of premature, multiple, or cesarean births. Other than the 8-week prenatal leave, a pregnant emplpyee may receive leave from work if she provides a certificate from a Labor Inspectorate doctor or another medical officer that her (or her child’s) life and health are endangered if she continues to work.

As soon as they become aware of their pregnancy, expectant mothers must notify the employer of this, stating the expected date of birth. In addition, they are obliged to draw the employer's attention to the beginning of the 8-week period within the fourth week before the beginning of the period. 

Working Hours

In Austria, regular working hours, as stipulated in the Working Time Act, are 8 hours a day and 40 hours per week. There are a few exceptions where the normal working hours are reduced.

Maternity Leave

Generally, maternity leave lasts 16 weeks: 8 weeks can be prior to birth and 8 weeks after. Although the postnatal period is set at 8 weeks, it may be extended to 12 weeks in the case of premature, multiple, or cesarean births. Other than the 8-week prenatal leave, a pregnant emplpyee may receive leave from work if she provides a certificate from a Labor Inspectorate doctor or another medical officer that her (or her child’s) life and health are endangered if she continues to work.

As soon as they become aware of their pregnancy, expectant mothers must notify the employer of this, stating the expected date of birth. In addition, they are obliged to draw the employer's attention to the beginning of the 8-week period within the fourth week before the beginning of the period. 

Minimum Wage

In Austria, there are no statutory minimums for wages. Instead, they are set within collective agreements. However, all collective agreements must stipulate a minimum wage of at least EUR 1,500 (Euros) per month.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Austria.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Austria.