Afghanistan

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Country Snapshot

The GPS Country Snapshot includes 25 sections of information about labor law compliance in Afghanistan. See a sample of popular sections below.

Termination of Employment

The labor law of Afghanistan requires the employee to provide written notice for termination of the contract at least one month in advance. The employer must give written notice of dismissal at least one month in advance.

Work Permits

Foreign citizens are required to have a work permit to work with an organization in Afghanistan. The work permit is issued by the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. It is valid for one year and can be extended for another year. The work permit must contain identification of the employee, location of work, work specification, date of starting work, and validity of the permit.

Paid Annual Leave

The labor code of Afghanistan provides for a paid maternity leave of 90 days to a pregnant employee (30 days before the delivery and 60 days after). Additional 15 days of leave are provided in case of an abnormal delivery or multiple births.

Working Hours

According to the labor law of Afghanistan, the regular working hours cannot exceed 40 hours per week on average. For young employees between the age of 15 and 18 years and pregnant employees, the working hours are reduced to 35 hours per week, and for employees working in hazardous jobs, the working hours are 30 hours per week. Any work performed in excess of the regular working hours is considered overtime. Overtime hours cannot exceed the normal working hours in a day.

Maternity Leave

The labor code of Afghanistan provides for a paid maternity leave of 90 days to a pregnant employee (30 days before the delivery and 60 days after). Additional 15 days of leave are provided in case of an abnormal delivery or multiple births.

Minimum Wage

The labor law of Afghanistan mandates that employees cannot be paid less than the minimum wage rate set by the government. The current minimum wage for permanent civil servants is AFN 6,000 (Afghan afghanis) per month. The minimum wage for non-permanent private sector workers is AFN 5,500.

Country Profile

The GPS Country Profile contains detailed information on over 60 topics related to labor law compliance within Afghanistan.
  • Type of Employment Relationship
  • Permanent Employment
  • Fixed-Term or Specific-Purpose Contracts
  • Temporary Employment Contracts
  • Part-time Employment
  • Young Worker Employment
  • Vendors and Independent Contractors
  • Types of Contracts
  • Probationary Period
  • Termination of the Contract of Employment
  • Grounds for Termination
  • Notice of Dismissal
  • Fair Dismissal
  • Redundancy
  • Unfair Dismissal
  • Suspension of Contract of Employment
  • Severance Benefits
  • Hours of Work
  • Work Week and Timekeeping
  • Night Work and Shift Work
  • Overtime
  • Remote Work
  • Required Time Off
  • Public Holidays
  • Annual Leave
  • Sick Leave
  • Maternity
  • Other Forms of Leave
  • Social Insurance and Retirement
  • Social Security Contribution
  • National Retirement Scheme
  • Dependents’/Survivors Benefit
  • Life and Disability Insurance/Benefit
  • Statutory Allowances
  • Compensation and Benefits
  • Minimum Wage (Basic Wage)
  • Bonuses, Profit Sharing and Other Compensation
  • Medical Insurance
  • Work Environment
  • Workplace Safety and Health
  • Prohibition of Discrimination
  • Prohibition of Harassment
  • Data Protection and Privacy
  • Whistleblowers and Retaliation
  • Workers’ representation in the organization
  • Freedom of Association
  • Registration and Recognition of Unions
  • Trade Union Personality
  • Collective Bargaining and Agreements
  • Disputes and Settlements
  • Strikes and Lockouts
  • Unfair Labor Practices
  • Taxation of Compensation and Benefits
  • Income Tax
  • Taxation of Employee Benefits
  • Tax Filing and Payment Procedures
  • Double Tax Relief and Tax Treaties
  • Visas and Work Permits
  • Visas
  • Work Permits and Residence Permits

 Country Snapshot

Get the full Country Snapshot with 25 sections of information about labor law in Afghanistan.